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[Sociology 1025A/B] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 32 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1025A/B
Professor
Lauren Barr
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Sociology 1025A/B
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 2 – Seeing and Acting Through the Lens of Sociology
What is sociology?
- explore what’s happening and why is it happening in our social world
Micro and Macro Levels
- what is it like getting to know your professor, interacting w/ other students (Micro)
- trend in students who felt like they didn’t fit in; students who had parents who did not go to
university had trouble fitting in (Macro)
Sociology is…
- sociologists cannot guarantee that something will always lead to another thing because human
beings are so complex
- people criticized sociology as a pseudoscience (back and forth)
- what led up to this point of what is occurring in society
Origins of Sociology
- French Revolution  thought processes and everything about decisions in society changed
the church and religion were no longer a way of explaining everything
- people questioned why they were allowing powerful people to have everything while a larger
group of people have nothing, which led to the French Revolution
- Industrial Revolution  changed how work was done, governments, economics & politics;
sociologists learned that society was breaking
- August Comte  not everyone asks the questions that sociologists ask, but everyone has a role
and play a part in how things happen (government & society)
- Durkheim  created the first department of sociology; only way to get credibility was to make
social science empirical (statistics)
- 20th century  most sociologists came from the USA
- 21st century  there is no such thing as a pure sociologist (multi-faceted)
Sociology includes
- Theory  gives us the words we need to use to describe what is happening
Your sociological toolkit
- sociological imagination is a skill and a way of thinking about things
- specific measurement  operationalizing
- be able to predict behaviour
- figure out the problem, try and fix it
- NEVER WRITE “This has proven that…”
- consider the variables when creating a survey
- conduct a literature review on the topic
- start w/ a topic (inductive reasoning) then create a question
- analyze data, then draw conclusions
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Empirical Research Methods
- research conducted must be true
Sociological Theorizing
- words that are used to try and understand what is happening in society
Forms of Theorizing
- Positivist  feel that you need to explain social research as natural science research is
explained (data, statistics)
 explain what happened and change the system to stop it from happening
- Interpretive  understand the relationships between people & study identity
 who you think you are is related to how people see you
- Critical  questioning power from a larger perspective (who, how do they maintain it)
 where did the structure of power come from
Functionalist Perspective
- how we as a society are balanced
- when something goes out of balance, you begin to have problem
- could be a result of economic distribution
- Emile Durkheim studied, traveled and got to go parliament
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