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[Sociology 2140] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (39 pages long)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2140
Professor
Darlene Balandin
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Sociology 2140
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Social Problem 2140
Week One Thinking about social problems and unpacking the Centre
1. Your textbook defines a social problem as a social condition that
A. interferes with the functioning of society
B. results in conflicting among segments of society
C. a segment of society views as harmful to members of society in need of
remedy
- “relative definition” which is informed by larger social values that shape
the way we understand/apprehend/perceive social fact” (page 4)
D. both a and b
ANSWER: C
2. Values are standards regarding what is considered
A. good and bad
B. right and wrong
C. desirable and undesirable
D. all of the above
ANSWER: D
3. The sociological imagination refers to the ability to:
A. see the connections between our personal lives and the social world in which
we life
B. understand social problems by putting ourselves in the shoes of those who are
suffering because of social problems
C. envision a world without social problems
D. see the positive aspects of social problems
ANSWER: A
4. When we unpack the center we are:
A. seeing the center as a position of social advantage
B. exploring the taken for granted features of dominant forms of social
organization
C. both of the above
D. none of the above
ANSWER: C
5. Which of the following is a key element of the conflict theory
A. justice
B. power
C. economic determinism
D. retribution
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6. “If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences” is also known
as the Thomas theorem. This assertion was made by
A. bush
B. harper
C. Gandhi
D. W.I Thomas
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
“If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences”
- people perceive reality differently and when they decide how they are going to view a
person or situation, they act accordingly
- THOMAS THEOREM ILLUSTRATES THAT “PERCEPTIONS CHANGE REALITY”
example to tutoring a “learning disabled” student
- the way an individual views a situation will influence the outcome of that situation.
- However, what happens when people are deliberately misled or our prejudices and
biases cloud our vision of reality?
- People perceive reality differently, and when they decide how they are going to view a
person or a situation, they act accordingly. Since we all perceive reality differently, our
reactions differ. Our definition of a situation as good or bad, to be embraced or avoided,
dictates our response to it.
- Perhaps one of the most widely-known modern examples of the Thomas Theorem is
the case of Trayvon Martin.
- In this example, George Zimmerman perceived the young Martin to be a threat
to his neighborhood before establishing contact with him.
- He then reacted in a defensive and violent manner to what may likely have
been a non-threatening situation.
- The consequences were also real, with Martin killed due to the perception of
threat.
- Trayvon 17 year old African American returning from store with candy and a canned
drink
- George Zimmerman community watch coordinator reported to Sandford Police
(Florida) that he was “acting suspiciously” – an altercation ensued, Trayvon was shot in
the chest
- Zimmerman claimed ‘self-defense’ (Florida has a “stand your ground” law) due to
media and public response Zimmerman was charged, tried, found not guilty of
second-degree murder and of manslaughter in July, 2013…
Social Conditions
- not all conditions become elevated to the status of social problems sometimes they
are sometimes they are not
- e.g. drug use (abuse) is an objective social condition (aspirin, Tylenol,
morphine, weed, cocaine)
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