Sociology 2240E Study Guide - Nominalism, Atomism, Social Change

87 views4 pages
user avatar
Published on 10 Dec 2013
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2240E
5 Major Themes of the Enlightenment
potential for human perfectibility
refers the growth of rationality and the growth of reason
science moral judgement
science is the tool that rationality can use to build a better world
we judge what aught to be a case before we do it
we don't do things because we can simply do them, we do them if we
reason that we aught to do them
science is the tool of prior moral judgement
degree's of freedom - the idea that we can and do make mistakes
social change is due to human intervention - social stability is due to
human intervention - change and stability aren't natural
they're nominalists and atomists ( things are due to human intention
and people can step outside and think about them)
The Romantic Conservative Reaction to the Enlightenment
going to attack the enlightenment on two points
the person
the image of the social
they deny our potential for perfectibility
rational
science - has limits
cannot have unbiased, perfect knowledge of the world
multiple ways of knowing the world - intuition, religion, art
, music, magic - each equally valid
reason
Kant and Hume attack reason - cause, time and space are
hardwired in brains, used to make a sense of surroundings
emotion - our emotional reactions are tied to our
physical/biological nature, we can't fully control them, they exert
limits on our ability to be rational and reasonable
emotions, feeling states due to very early socialization put
limits on our ability to be rational and reasonable
Burke - 1729- 1797
most famous for a book called "refections of the revolution in
france"
idea was not to make the mistake the french would have made
the first person to start to develop a systemic notion of the
social
starts to play with the idea of organism -
argues that people have pro social tendencies by nature
we are disposed to being social , were willing to trust
must be properly regulated in order to produce the social bond
( require language, tradition and social order)
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Multiple ways of knowing the world - intuition, religion, art. , music, magic - each equally valid reason. Attack enlightenment image of the social (society) Rational: science- has limits, cannot have unbiased, perfect knowledge of the world, multiple ways of knowing the world i. e. religion, art, music, magic, intuition all equally valid, we"re emotional and rationality is severely limited. Reason: kant & hume attack reason cause, time, and space are hardwired in brains. Emotion (deny our potential for perfectibility: tied to our physical/biological nature, emotion exerts limits on our ability to be rational and reasonable. Most famous for book called reflections on the revolution in france : idea was not to make the mistake that the french made, plays with idea of organicism (idea of system) People have multiple pro-social tendencies by nature (i. e. sociality, willingness to trust) Must be properly regulated in order to produce a social bond (require language, tradition, and social order)