2267 Exam Review.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
Sociology 2247A/B
Professor
Kayla Lynn Baumgartner

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2267 – Dec 4 Video- The Fear Factory - prison populations have doubled - 94,000 children entering youth justice systm for the 1 time (England) - prison success rate of 30% - public are not very punitive - despite stats, people don’t believe crime is down - video touches upon everything - moral panic & media - punitive vs. restorative justice - Key Challenges in the Youth Justice Intro - many positive developments in youth justice - also a lot of challenges that are still ahead in the attempts to determine the most appropriate means of intervening in the lives of troubled youth The Legal Regulation of Childhood and Adolescence - the law that regulates criminal conduct for children and youth is based on a binary system, where the state focuses on the protection of children until such time as they cross the threshold, known as the age of majority, to adulthood o problem with binary system, which focuses on immature children and competent adults, is that there is no way to include evolving capacities of children as they mature in adolescence - youth justice: separate and distinct criminal justice system that explicitly meets unique needs of young people - best interest of the child doctrine appears to be in direct opposition to increasingly trend toward adulteration of youth crime throughout the world - Best interests of the child doctrine: when the interests of a young person are paramount in decision-making regarding his/ her experience in the criminal justice system - Adulteration: dismantling of distinct system of criminal justice for youth and remerging with systems of justice for adults - Increased criminal justice processing of youth runs counter to reduction of youth crime Codification of a Separate System of Youth Justice in Canada - international treaties and conventions bearing the legal rights of children and youth that Canada has agreed to: - The UN Standard Minimum Rues for the Administration of Youth Justice, known ad the Beijing Rules (1985) o Includes recognition of special needs of young people, that custody should be last resort, and that proceedings should be anonymous to protect child from lifelong stigma or labeling - UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) 2267 – Dec 4 - With the enactment of the YCJA, Canada now has an explicit domestic law which states that there should be separate justice systems for youth and adults - Canada finally meeting international obligations to all children who have committed offences Diverting Children from a Life of Crime: Sustaining the Original Purpose of a separate System of Youth Justice - shi
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