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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2253A/B
Professor
Laura Huey
Semester
Spring

Description
Textbook Key Terms Chapter Seven ▯The Prosecution of Criminal Cases Plea Bargaining: an agreement whereby an accused pleads guilty in exchange for the promise of  a benefit Chapter Eight ▯Sentencing Absolute discharge: a sentence wherein the accused is found guilty but does not gain a criminal  record and is given no sentence Fine option program: a program that provides offenders who cannot pay a fine with the  opportunity to discharge, through community service work, all or part of the fine Suspended sentence: a sentencing option whereby the judge convicts the accused but technically  gives no sentence and instead places the offender on probation, which, if successfully completed,  results in no sentence being given Conditional sentence of imprisonment: a sentence for offenders who receive a sentence or  sentences totaling less than two years whereby the offender serves his or her time in the  community under the supervision of a probation officer Concurrent sentences: sentences that are combined and served simultaneously Consecutive sentences: sentences that run separately and are completed one after the other Judicial determination: order that a federal inmate serve half of the sentence before becoming  eligible for parole Pre­sentence report (PSR): a document, prepared by a probation officer for the sentencing  judge, that contains sociobiographical and offence­related information about the convicted  offender and may include a recommendation for a specific sentence Victim impact statement (VIS): submission to a sentencing court explaining the emotional,  physical and financial impact of the crime Victim­offender meditation (VOM): a restorative justice approach in which the victim and the  offender, with the assistance of a mediator, work to resolve the conflict and consequences of the  offence Circle sentencing: a restorative justice strategy that involves collaboration and consensual  decision making by community residents, the victim, the offender, and justice system personnel  to resolve conflicts and sanction offenders Chapter Ten ▯Correctional Institutions Two­year rule: the basis for the provincial/federal split in correctional jurisdiction (two years  less a day = provincial, two years plus a day = federal) Total institutions: settings in which the activities and regimens of inmates/residents are highly  controlled Citizen advisory committees (CACs): organizations that operate in all federal correctional  institutions, composed of volunteers who provide input into federal correctional policies and  programs and liaise with the community Status degradation ceremonies: the processing of offenders into correctional institutions Pains of imprisonment: the deprivation
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