Deviance September 20, 12
Film - “Burning Times”
Social Typing Process:
Stage 1: Description
Stage 2: Evaluation
Stage 3: Prescription
Objectivist – Witch Burning
1) Statistical Rarity – 85% of the people killed were woman, so there was
very less rarity in the statistics.
- Women with property were a statistical rarity
This category doesn‟t work very well as a criteria
2) Social Harm – Destabilizes that women are the witches – involved in
midwifery, healing, abortions harms the patriarchal structure of society.
3) Societal Reaction- Catholic church has dominated so pervasively
4) Norm Violation – from catholic church and the royal state‟s absolutist
principles as a part of the European society.
Moral Entrepreneurs (Power)
1) Catholic Church
2) Medical Profession dominated by Men.
3) Inquisition ( Part of the catholic church) – lawyers, judges, inquisitors
4) Royal State
Women are seen as the other not as equals to men
They were “Absolutist”
- Labeling them as Witches – that was the description
- Judge them as harmful to society because they are possessed , satanic and
- Prescription – Acting on the label and killing them
- Therefore restore control in society by controlling them
- Formal Control – Burning them
Informal – cannot be a midwife, cannot be a healer etc.
Retroactive: Inquisition and the burning and the torture of the witches.
- Involvement of everyday, ordinary folk trying to save themselves.
Erving Goffman – how you manage your spoiled identity when you get
- Sometimes the person is Stigmatized: Its about the label becomes the
Master status, and everything else becomes just a secondary description
Informal – people exclude the person, that it impacts the person‟ life
chances or to develop relationships.
Example: The gay instructor at George Brown College Toronto
o Come up with an example of Positive Deviance – write it on a
piece of paper bring it to class
o Why is this individual an example of positive deviance
o think of them with the objectivist criteria
Functionalism September 25, 12
History of Deviance Theory
Classical & Positivist Approaches
Determinism - Objective
� “Demonism” – the devil made me do it!
� Neither the individual/society has to take responsibility
� Creates objective rules for identifying criminals – ascribed traits
� Five Elements
� People are hedonistic
� Individuals have free will
� Society is a social contract
� Punishment is justified
� The greatest good for the greatest number
� Rational Actor
Deviance is Premeditated Action
� Means /ends
� Costs/ benefits
� Responsibility –Individual – free will
� Guiding Principles
� Positivism – Determinism
� Replaces „Free Will‟
� Biological fitness
� Born Criminal
� Cesare Lombroso
� William Sheldon
� Role of society: consensus, equilibrium, status quo
� Role of individual: perfectly socialized unit
Objectivist witch burning: statistical rarity 85% of the people killed were woman, so there was very less rarity in the statistics. Women with property were a statistical rarity. Moral entrepreneurs (power: catholic church, medical profession dominated by men, inquisition ( part of the catholic church) lawyers, judges, inquisitors, royal state. Women are seen as the other not as equals to men. Labeling them as witches that was the description. Judge them as harmful to society because they are possessed , satanic and demonic. Prescription acting on the label and killing them. Therefore restore control in society by controlling them. Informal cannot be a midwife, cannot be a healer etc. Retroactive: inquisition and the burning and the torture of the witches. Involvement of everyday, ordinary folk trying to save themselves. Erving goffman how you manage your spoiled identity when you get labeled. Sometimes the person is stigmatized: its about the label becomes the.