[Sociology 2266A/B] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 16 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 7 Feb 2017
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2266A/B
Western
Sociology 2266A/B
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Week 4 Measuring Crime and Criminal Behaviour
Agenda
- classifications of crime
- times of crime
- nature of crime
- official statistics
- counting crime
- surveys and stats
- correlates of crime
Classification of Crime
1. Violent crime
2. Property crime
3. Crimes against the public order
- the first two are moral
- crimes against the public order is something we decided to outlaw, but has nothing
really to do with morality
1. Violent Crime
- homicide (two types)
- culpable homicide: blame worthy you will be punished
- murder (first degree (murder that is planned, contracted, occurs when
you are committing one of these offences and one of them dies, and
second degree murder)
1st degree
- non-culpable homicide: kind of an excuse
- sexual assault
- legislation focuses on the violent nature of the act
- criminal code of Canada outlines three levels of sexual assault based on
degree of violence
- level 1 sexual assault: any form of sexual assault without their consent
(max. 10 years)
- level 2 sexual assault: sexual assault with a weapon or threats to a third
party or if it does cause bodily harm (max.14 years)
- level 3 sexual assault: aggravated sexual assault, when a person brutally
beats, endangers someone (max, in life prison sentence)
- robbery
- committed in the presence of someone
- robbery involves having a victim there
- theft, there is not one there
- involves threatened or actual use of force or violence
- involves theft or attempted theft
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- taking property, force or fear
- placing hands on someone or put them in a state where they are fearful
- assault
- The intentional or threatened application of force on another person without
consent
- Level 1 assault: punching, pushing
- Level 2 assault: use of weapon or results in bodily harm
- Level 3 assault: when someone wounds, endangers victim
- Other assault: reserved for the police, if they resist arrest, use force on officer
- hate crime
- Number of hate crimes measured using:
- victimization surveys: ask people if they have ever been victimized
- Police-reported Data
- Approximately 3.1% of criminal incidents were motivated by hate in 2007.
- Courts consider hate motivation an aggravating circumstance when sentencing.
- ““Everyone who, by communicating statements in any public place, incites
hatred against any identifiable group where such incitement is likely to lead to a
breach of the peace…”
2. Property Crime
- Breaking and Entering
- UCR categorizes into residential, business, “other” (broke into government
location)
- Theft
- severity determined by monetary values of property taken (under or over
$5,000)
- Motor-Vehicle Theft: only cars, buses, etc. does not include planes, trains, boats,
spacecraft
3. Crime Against the Public Order
- Counterfeiting: Any unauthorized reproduction of something with the intention that it be
accepted as genuine
- can refer to money, gift cards, tickets, forging debit cards, fake IDs
- Prostitution: legal in Canada, can sex for money
- Illicit drugs
- possession: enough for your own personal use
- supply: enough to sell to other people
- Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
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Document Summary

Week 4 measuring crime and criminal behaviour. Classification of crime: violent crime, property crime, crimes against the public order. Crimes against the public order is something we decided to outlaw, but has nothing really to do with morality: violent crime. Legislation focuses on the violent nature of the act. Criminal code of canada outlines three levels of sexual assault based on degree of violence. Involves threatened or actual use of force or violence. Culpable homicide: blame worthy you will be punished. Murder (first degree (murder that is planned, contracted, occurs when you are committing one of these offences and one of them dies, and second degree murder) Level 1 sexual assault: any form of sexual assault without their consent (max. Level 2 sexual assault: sexual assault with a weapon or threats to a third party or if it does cause bodily harm (max. 14 years)