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[Sociology 2266A/B] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (44 pages long)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2266A/B
Professor
Jennifer Reynolds
Study Guide
Midterm

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Western
Sociology 2266A/B
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Hare’s Psychopathy Checklist: Notes
- Hare developed a well-accepted Psychopathy checklist which is widely used for research
purposes and in making decisions by mental health and CJS officials as they are strong
predictors of violence and recidivism
- Psychopathy checklist often use it in the CJS
- If you go through the psychopathy checklist help with sentencing, labelling, parole, etc.
- Huge relationship between being a diagnosed psychopath and becoming violent later on
- Rates of recidivism are very high if you are a psychopath and end up in jail
- PCL has been revised
- Diagnosing psychopathy for legal, clinical reasons
- Develop psychopathic tendencies
- Use for high rates of recidivism and aggression
- Used in the court room and in institutions for potential risk
- Professional that administers this diagnostic advanced degrees, medical doctor, or PhD
- Used so often in legal field people who administer it have to be qualified to serve as
witnesses
- Typically should have two independent users test it to make sure one isn’t off or biased
- Attest to the value of the PCL-R good job at predicting the likelihood of future violence
- 2 parts:
1. Semi-structured interview
Ask offender all types of questions background, education, family, crimes
committed, work, marital status
2. Review of records and history
Pathological liars information they provide has to be checked (2. Review of
records and history)
Seeing how much they lie is a good test of character
The 20 Items
1. Superficial Charm
Really good social skills and can very easily captivate an audience
Can bring anywhere, any environment and they would do well
Make friends easily, always have something to say
Selfish version of charm (only doing it to get something)
Impress people to get something out of them
2. Grandiose estimate of self
Superior to everyone on earth
Everyone compared to them is unimportant
Elite group compliment themselves, think they’re the best, brag, cocky,
arrogant
God’s gift to the planet
3. Need for stimulation
Prone to boredom
Not happy with the everyday routine life
Take a lot of chances, engage in risky behaviours
Excessive need for thrilling stimulation
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Low self-discipline in finishing any task because they get bored (give up)
4. Pathological lying
Only use lying as a tool (will not impact someone else’s behaviour)
Think it is acceptable to lie if it is a means to get what you want
Do not care
Lying for the sake of lying
Two types: moderate (sly, clever, crafty, sneaky), higher extreme (deceiving
you, underhanded, deceitful, deceptive, manipulative)
5. Cunning and manipulativeness
Taking the lying a step further reason is to get someone to do
something/exploiting them for personal gain
Lying to get something
EXPLOITING
6. Lack of remorse or guilt
Do not care about suffering they have caused
Victims
No remorse or guilt towards their victims
Cold-hearted
When questioned about victims, they blame the victim
7. Shallow affect
Fake emotions
Emotionally cold
Think showing emotion is a sign of weakness
Only show emotion to get what they want NOT REAL
They do not care, just doing it because they think that is what is expected
Only emotion they do feel is ANGER (exception do not fake anger)
8. Callousness and lack of empathy
If it doesn’t involve them getting an advantage over someone else, they don’t
care
Everyday life
Lack of empathy towards people in general
Ex. Someone on ground bleeding, would not care
9. Parasitic lifestyle
They do not do anything for themselves, they live off other people
Use other people’s things, crash on other people’s couches, only reason they
have a job is from mom or dad
Live off of criminal earnings because they don’t have the discipline to make
an honest living (too boring)
10. Poor behavioural controls
Poor self-control
Cannot control their anger or temper
Impatient and irritable
Act hastily as a reaction (hit people or are aggressive)
11. Sexual promiscuity
Promiscuous sexuality
High sex drive
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