Sociology 2266A/B- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 39 pages long!)

108 views39 pages
Published on 30 Nov 2017
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2266A/B
Professor
Western
Sociology 2266A/B
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 39 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 39 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Crime and Society
CRIME, CRIMINALS, AND CRIMINOLOGY
What is Criminology?
o The body of knowledge viewing and analyzing crime as a social
phenomenon
o It iludes the proess of…
- Making of laws
- Breaking of laws
- Reacting to the breaking of laws
o Goal is scientific: a body of general and verified principles and
knowledge regarding law, crime, and treatment
Reasons for Studying Criminology?
o Intrinsically worthwhile
- Better understanding of rie ad soiety’s respose to it
- Helps us understand our society
o To reduce crime, we must understand it
o Crime affects us all, directly or indirectly
- We all pay for the costs of CJS
- Many are employed in the CJS or security-related business
Crime and the Media
o Most people learn about serious crime through the media
o The media misrepresents crime to attract viewers
o For the es edia, the rule is if it leeds, it leads
o Fictional accounts of crime are very distorted
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 39 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
2
o Results on public perceptions
- The amount of crime is overestimated
- Fear of crime is higher than the risk of victimization
- There are public calls for government to tighten laws
o Television violence may contribute to crime
- May influence predisposed people to commit violence
o Television coverage does not examine the social and structural
reasons behind crime
Areas of Criminology
o The definition of crime and criminals
- What acts are defined as crime
- What should be considered criminal for criminological research
o The origins and role of the law
o The social distribution of crime
- What types of people commit it
- Temporal and regional trends
- These help us understand crime
o The causation of crime
- Central concern of this text
o Patterns of criminal behavior
- Who are the offenders, victims, what are the circumstances, the
consequences and how can crime be prevented?
o Societal reactions to crime
- The operation of the CJs
- In Canada, the organization of the CJS is complex with both
federal and provincial governments with different types of
involvement and responsibilities
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 39 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

What is criminology: the body of knowledge viewing and analyzing crime as a social phenomenon, it i(cid:374)(cid:272)ludes the pro(cid:272)ess of . Reacting to the breaking of laws: goal is scientific: a body of general and verified principles and knowledge regarding law, crime, and treatment. Better understanding of (cid:272)ri(cid:373)e a(cid:374)d so(cid:272)iety"s respo(cid:374)se to it. Helps us understand our society: to reduce crime, we must understand it, crime affects us all, directly or indirectly. We all pay for the costs of cjs. Many are employed in the cjs or security-related business. Fear of crime is higher than the risk of victimization. There are public calls for government to tighten laws: television violence may contribute to crime. May influence predisposed people to commit violence: television coverage does not examine the social and structural reasons behind crime. Areas of criminology: the definition of crime and criminals.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.