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[Sociology 2267A/B] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (18 pages long!)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2267A/B
Professor
Dale Ballucci
Study Guide
Midterm

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Western
Sociology 2267A/B
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 2: Delinquency
The Public Issue
Youth crime is a public issue because it affects lots of people
Youth can get criminalized
For centuries young people have been critiqued for their behaviours
We hear so much about it because of the media and how they
sensationalize it because media is a corporation all they care about is$$$
high profile cases are placed in the news and it insinuates what we should fear
Reena Virk (1997)group of girls beat her up and then 2 other people came
and finished her off
Creates fear and goes against gender norms
Relate it to family, personal experience because you can also be at risk
Stefanie Rengel (2008) woman made her boyfriend kill stef (his ex)
because she felt he still had feelings for her
Creates so much fear and again woman mastermind
Makes us wonder what kind of society are we living in? what kind of
youth are we producing?
Media and the Politics of Youth Crime
Facts are socially constructed
Like hedalines, images, discussion, coverage help us construct a particular
idea about what the facts are about youth crime
Make presumptions from the news about the world around you
Youth crime is political
Helps politicians form their platforms
Government Response
People want change because media says crime is on the rise and so guess what?
Government becomes tough on crime
Calls for reform in the 1990s
Canada passes the YCIA in 2003
Immmediate criticism after it comes into effect
Media reports continue
New types of youth crime are reported
But MAYBE the rise could be because we lost jobs, or other societal issues
NOT because were not tough on crimes
Tyoically when were harsher it has bad effects not good effects
Two Opposing Sides
Youth advocate (child welfare)
Focus is on the problems face by young people
Law and Order (get tough)
This makes clear the otherness between offender and society
This othering means people can say I support harshities towards the
other group because it wont happen to me
Example: terrorists we give up rights because were not terrorists even
though we lose freedom and are susceptible to surveillance etc
History of Childhood
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we have to find ways to distinguish types of people in society so for example
adults and youth
what constitutes a child/youth?
Distinction between adults and youth
Some kids don’t know right vs wrong
We need to know how to try these different people
Different programs for youth vs adults in CJ system
Because we still have hope to change youth
17th-18th century
no concept of children
people had children to work on the field because it was productive, today we
have kids for selfish reasons (i.e. for love, etc)
children had no rights
children were not protected
the notion of childhood
shift towards precious
on slidessignage of hanging of 12 year old girl
these kinds of displays/acts illustrate the lack of notion of childhood
today we see the opposite, children are precious, we need to care
and nurture children
Rise of Legal Governance of Deviant Youth in Canada
We wanted to produce a productive society and so kids were unattended
Juvenile Delinquent Actnotion of welfare take care of the wayward children
19th Century Explanations: The sources of youth crime
orphans
immigrants
poverty
lower classes
most often women
The Victorian Public Issue
by the mid 1800s the poor were targeted for allegations of immoirtality
o created notion that we had an urban problem
new urban problems: illiteracy, sex trade, addictions, poverty, juvenile
delinquency
created specialized units to help take care of these kids
Who were the targets?
Street kids (vagrancy)
Young women (sexual immorality)
Poor children and youth (rowdy youth)
Causes and Solutions
Purpose and motivating factors for this social service was around the idea
that we need to rehabilitate youth
o The people we were punishing was the parents
So we see the state interfering and supplementing what was
supposed to be given to the family
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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