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Sociology 2267A/B Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Amplitude Modulation, Travis Hirschi, Social Learning Theory


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2267A/B
Professor
Tara L. Bruno
Study Guide
Midterm

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Sociology 2267A/B
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Introduction
In the past Canada has introduced three different legislative regimes for administering ju
Juvenile Delinquents Acts of 1908, The Young Offenders Acts of 1984, and the Youth Cri
Reformable Young Offender: youth require intervention and could be rehabilitated
Punishable Young Offender:"troubling" youth require "punishment first and foremost, le
rehabilitative interventions as secondary measures"
Punitive Turn Thesis: the argument that in recent decades the criminal justice systems if m
have become more punishment orientated, with longer prison sentences and higher rate
Juvenile Delinquency: was used to describe the "violations of the law by persons below th
of adulthood"
Changing Conception of Children
Children past the age of 6 or 7 were not viewed much differently than adults until a few h
Children would dress as adults
Education consisted of apprenticeships in trades working daily along side adults
Also a very high infant mortality rate discouraged parents from wanting to invest em
children
Peoples view of children began to change in the 1500's and 1600's
Seen as immature and dependent on adults for guidance and protection
The decline in the death rate of children is viewed as major factor
The extension of education to broader segments of the population
Historically speaking, adolescence/teenagers did not exist
As people came to view children differently than adults, they were more inclined to view
offenders differently than adult offenders
The new view of children was not the only factor that led to the invention of delinquency
Major Social Changes
Industrial revolution -> child labour laws -> displacement of youth
Responsibilities shifted from the Family -> School
Parental care for children became a sacred duty; the school gradually replaced the appre
second most important child-raising institution; and children become a transitional period
School system and peer groups allowed for the creation of a separate "collective conscien
Distinct identity, separate from adults and children
Juvenile Delinquency
Wednesday, September 12, 2018
11:24 AM
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g juvenile justice: The
Criminal Justice Act of 2002
t, leaving reform and
s if many Western countries
rates if incarceration
w the community's legal age
ew hundred years ago
ts
st emotionally in their
iew and treat juvenile
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prenticeship system as the
eriod
science" among youth
Can
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