Soc Final Lecture notes.docx

8 Pages
126 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 1020
Professor
Catherine Corrigall- Brown
Semester
Winter

Description
 Soc. Lecture Notes­ April     Deviance • Deviance vs. crime • Serious crimes to breaking societal norms • Historical deviance doesn’t equate to present day deviance­ changes over time  (ex. Nelson Mandela) • What is considered acceptable changes over time • Smoking used to be considered a norm now considered deviant •  Rosenhan “On Being Sane in Insane Places” o Once diagnosed as mentally ill everything was seen through the lense of sickness o the label changes the way peple are viewed • Dalton Conley “FortyAcres and a Mule: What ifAmerican Pays Reparations?” o Measures taken by the state to address gross systematic violations of human rights through the administration of some form for restitution o The state or national levelAcknowledging suffering, offering regrets and compensation for violations o Reparations for slavery- 40 acres of land and a mule o In order to help people start a life but was never paid o 6-7 generations later how to repay reparations that were never paid and compensate for an injustice that happened so long ago o Who should get paid?And who should pay? o Slaves- those who directly suffered, could have many descendants now o Descendants of slave owners didn’t do anything wrong o Factoring in inflation to lost wages is in the billions/ trillions • Residential schools o First nations truth and reconciliation commission of Canada o Truth part is learning about what happened, allowing people to tell their stories and education o Also work to repair damages to individuals (ex. Loss of childhood), but also select individuals that experienced abuse, and communities as a whole (loss of culture, language etc.) The Media and Language • the sapir- whorf hypothesis- language shapes how we understand and think about the world- doesn’t determine what we think but mediates by affect what and how we see o Holds that the structure of a language affects the ways in which its  respective speakers conceptualize their world, i.e. their world view, or  otherwise influences their cognitive processes. o Having multiple/ hundreds of words for one thing allows us to see the  difference o 1984­ you can control what people think based on the language they use  (if you don’t have the word you cant think of the concept) • Moore­ Racism in the English Language o Black and white dichotomy o Ex. White lie, innocence and darkness, good vs. bad  o The reason we have these connotations is because our society is racist o Our language is actually a reflection of our culture as a whole • Why Sexist Language Matters • Freedom of Speech o Unfettered ability to comm. With an audience, access to a platform to send  out those messages, and lack of censorship­ ability to say whatever we  want o Must have these three things to have freedom of speech o If you have access to internet etc. you have a greater ability to affect what  is in the mass media • The Power Elite C.Wright Mills o Interwoven interests of leaders of military corporations and political  elements of society o These three groups of people share a lot of interests o All these groups are dependent upon one another to remain in power o Regular citizens are relatively powerless to the manipulation of these  groups o We should look at the psychological similarities between these elites o These people tend to run in the same circles and grown up in same  environment o Most prime ministers were lawyers­ intermingling between corporate and  political circles o Movements, elections, strikes are ways in which these groups still need to  be responsive to general public o Idea diversity­ lack of due to monopoly of mass media industry o Representation of different groups in the media is not very diverse as a  result o Individual crimes make news­ even though crime rate is declining o Things that are sensational get so much coverage that things that actually  matter are being neglected o Diversity is not being represented o More tv watching led to lower self esteem for black boys and black and  white girls but higher self esteem for white boys­ o Best representation for white boys • Three stages of corporate media literacy o Be aware of your media diet­ what are you consuming o Learn critical viewing skills o Learn to examine what is behind the scenes •  Lifestyle advertisi ­ not promoting product but the person you could be if you  used this product (fun, friends and popularity, sex and relationships,  attractiveness, friendship and bonding, sports and athleticism • media literacy training is quite effective­ alcohol related media training resulted in  an increased understanding of the persuasive intent of ad o led to seeing through gaps, lesser desire to be like people featured in ads Work and Rationalization • A major change in modern society is the rise of rationalization • Pre enlightenment­ things are explained through non­ scientific terms o Pre­ rationalization thought was that things were caused by mystical/  spiritual/ religious reasons • Most people today do not explain things by supernatural forces • Enlightenment­ using the scientific method to try and explain things  (rationalization) • Disenchantment of the world­ everything is rational and erosion of religious  authority • Based on 4 things o Predictability o Calculability o Efficiency o Control • Optimal means towards an end • Rationality isn’t about the best way but rather the most efficient and calculable  way • Breaking a job down to smaller and smaller standardized bits • Rationalization permeates all aspects of life • Examples of rationalization (online dating, assembly line) • Beaurocracy o Rule of the desk (office) o Western, government Canada etc. o Large organizations in charge of certain principles  o Ideal type of beurocracy  Hierarchically org. into offices  Chain of command  Clear   Abstract formal rules­ written policy manuals  Technical qualifications rule  Decision making rules are impersonal • Wider range of goods and services available to larger portion of the population • Provides a feeling of familiarity and standardization • The irrationality of rationality o Highly rationalized systems can lead to negative outcomes • Rise of the service sector o Now vast majority of jobs are in the service sector • Emotional labour o Acting in a way that is consistent with what the company wants you to be  not how you actually feel o Managing emotions so that they are consistent with organizational dispay  rules o Produce an emotional state in someone else= goal o Customer can be rude to you but you cant be rude back or act annoyed o Surface acting­ painting on emotion without actually feeling it o Deep acting­ actually changing inner emotion Education Marx on Education Function of Education Schools as agencies of ideological transmission­ schools are responsible for socializing their pupils  into an ideology that serves the interests of a capitalist ruling class The correseponde
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 1020

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit