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Visual Arts History 1040 Study Guide - Final Guide: Deconstruction, Industrial Revolution, Surrealism

Visual Arts History
Course Code
VAH 1040
Christine Sprengler
Study Guide

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1. Discuss the significance of Gustave Courbet’s The Stone Breakers (1849) and
his Burial at Ornan of the same year in terms of their political connotations.
-both speak of present and underlying presence of past
-breaking from classic painting style
-plight of working class on large scale
-political statements (death a common passage of life) (young generation is
2. Discuss the presence of both older Renaissance influences and newer Realist
tendencies in Edouard Manet’s Olympia (1863). Explain why, at this time,
this work was controversial.
-older influence borrows from Venus of Ombrigio
-controversial because style and subject matter
-where exhibited
3. Compare and contrast Claude Monet’s Rouen Cathedral (1892-1894) with
David Smith’s Cubi XIX (1964). Explain how these artworks reflect
Impressionist ideals. Account for their similarities as well as their
-explore idea of light and light changes
-attention to medium itself
-kinetic aspect
-different periods
4. Discuss the ways in which Fernand Leger’s The City (1919) and Three Women
(1921) reflect the mindset and aesthetic tendencies of the period during
which they were created.
-fragmentation and deconstruction
-simplistic objects
-influence of technology
-industrial revolution / mass production
5. How does Salvador Dali’s The Persistence of Memory (1931) exemplify
Surrealist qualities? Discuss two other artworks/art objects in relation to
-unexpected juxtapositions
-paranoid critical method
-making the piece have realist qualities but of dream scenes
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