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Visual Arts History 1040 Study Guide - Final Guide: History Of Asian Art, Pont Du Gard, Durham Cathedral

Visual Arts History
Course Code
VAH 1040
Cody Barteet
Study Guide

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Cumulative Essay Questions
a) Artist OR culture of work
b) The title of the object
c) Approximate date of the object
Question 1: Select five examples of sculpture (from two or more cultures)
that represent the human body. For each example: 1. Discuss the significance
and meaning of its stylistic traits; and 2: Discuss how these stylistic traits
reflect the beliefs and/or values of the culture in which each sculpture was
a) Etruscan
b) Middle-aged Flavian Woman
c) Late 1st century CE
The middle aged Flavian woman is a sculpture representing the human body.
Its significance is that it takes a more realistic than idealistic approach. The
woman has blemishes and sagging skin with marks of a life well lived. On
the contrary she has a stylized, trendy hair do. Some idealistic features are
present, such as her high cheekbones. The culture finds idealism very
important as they all strive to resemble the ideal being,
a) Greek
b) The Warrior
c) 460-450 BCE
The Warrior is another sculpture well representing the human form. The
Warrior shows an excellent use and incorporation of contrapposto showing
a relaxed look throughout his body. Even with all the weight on his right leg,
he remains well balanced. The Warrior both reflects balance with idealism
and naturalism. He has an extremely muscular body, which is ideal and even
has veins that are visible in his hands supporting the naturalistic view. He’s
extremely fit and well formed despite his “haggard”, and tired older face.
He’s a good example of what a man of that time could aspire to look like.
(Bone and glass eyes, silver teeth and copper lips and nipples)
a) Cycladic
b) Man Holding a Lyre
c) 2200 BCE
The sculpture of the man holding a lyre is significant because it shows a
huge technological shift for its time. It was carved out of marble with
rounded edges, a task which took skill, time and concentration. There were
little feet carved in that were to proportion, one foot raised more than the
other insinuating motion as if tapping to a beat, dynamism in geometric

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form. The posture is done in detail as well. Values of this culture included
the importance of are it was significant when the sculpture became more
detailed and was able to express the look of motion while not moving in
a) Renaissance
b) Michelangelo’s Pieta
c) C. 1500
This sculpture of Mary and baby Jesus was meant to be seen up close, as it’s
stylistic traits are very detailed and are of great beauty. She looks very young
and is entrancingly beautiful. Her youthfulness is a manifestation of her
inner virtue. She looks heroic as she effortlessly holds the body of her grown
son, however scale and age were forgotten when doing this art which is
significant because it changes the real story of what this incidence was
supposed to look like, all for the sake of the beauty of the art. She sports a
sweet expression and the technicality of the carving is extremely impressive
as the marble is perfectly carved and rounded smoothly. The culture very
much valued beauty and this sculpture perfectly demonstrates two beautiful
beings, that however weren’t accurate in scale and in age, are still
a) Egyptian
b) Seated Scribe
c) 2450-2325 BCE
The Egyptians were well known for having sculptures of people that were
very statutory, always very distinct from other cultures. Easily recognizable
are their squared off shoulders wit the torso always facing forward, very
stiffly. In this sculpture however, the seated scribe is quite relaxed as he’s
sitting with his legs crossed and hands gently in his lap. His expression
indicates his lively mind and alert attention. He’s not idealistic, in fact his
skin is flabby and sagging and there are no obvious signs of muscle
definition. The eyes give the sense of moving the way the pupils are painted
slightly off center from the iris’s, with the reflective quality of polished
crystal inlay all adding to the affect. This is significant because its not often
that we see a sculpture of a person that hadn’t been royal or wealthy. Getting
a sculpture made was expensive and labour-intensive therefore having one
made of a scribe was uncommon, therefore stands out.
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