1. Discuss the significance of Gustave Courbet’s The Stone Breakers (1849) and
his Burial at Ornan of the same year in terms of their political connotations.
-both speak of present and underlying presence of past
-breaking from classic painting style
-plight of working class on large scale
-political statements (death a common passage of life) (young generation is
2. Discuss the presence of both older Renaissance influences and newer Realist
tendencies in Edouard Manet’s Olympia (1863). Explain why, at this time,
this work was controversial.
-older influence borrows from Venus of Ombrigio
-controversial because style and subject matter
3. Compare and contrast Claude Monet’s Rouen Cathedral (1892-1894) with
David Smith’s Cubi XIX (1964). Explain how these artworks reflect