WNTW ExamReview 2.docx

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Department
Visual Arts History
Course
Visual Arts History 1043A/B
Professor
Jeannie Gillmore
Semester
Spring

Description
WNTWExamReview2Lecture6October30FashionLectureHistoryofCostumeJohannesLingelbachCarnivalinRome1650CarnivalcarnemeatvalefarewellFarewelltothepleasuresofthefleshtheseasonbeforeLentLastdayofcarnivalisMardiGrasfatTuesdaywhenyouwouldeatalltherichfoodsthatyouhadAfterthisyourhaveLentleadinguptoEasterCostumeswereusedtoshowareversalofpowerWhenpeopleareincostumeyoucanttelliftheyareanobleorapeasantThesecostumesgaveyoualicensetodowhateveryouwantedStrugglebetweenchurchtheydidntwantcarnivalandlargerworkingclassestheywantedcarnivalCarnivalinVenicefirstonewas12thcenturyandreacheditsheightinthe17thcenturyCarnivalendedin1798onaspecificdate17981979therewasnocarnivalinVeniceanditwasreintroducedfortouristpurposesWhenitbegantourismwasnotaconcernItwasaboutholdingmasqueradeballsandbeinganonymousFullfacemasksthatcoverthebodycanttellwhoanyoneisSpecificdayswhenyoucouldwearmasks13oftheyearinVeniceyoucouldwearmasksCastsofcharactersbasedonwhoyouwanttobe1BautaMaskmostpopularalwayswornwithacapeandtricornhatblackkindoflikeapiratehatthemasksareusuallywhitewithaverypointychinwornbymenorwomenTheresagapunderneathsoyoucanleanyourheadbackandtalkandeverythingremainscompletelydisguisedWhentherewasavoteinVenicepeoplewouldwearthesemaskssothatwaytherewouldbeanonymousvotingExamplepicturePiertoLonghitheRidottoinVenicepeoplevotinginVenicewiththemaskandbeingabletodowhattheywantcausetheyarehidden2PlagueDoctorMaskCharlesDeLormeWhenhewastreatingplaguevictimshethoughtifheworethemaskhewouldntgetthediseaseIfyouwerebreathingthroughsomethingyouwouldntgetitHugemaskthatlookedlikeabirdwithamassivebeakHefilledthebeakwithflowersandyoubreathetheminThedoctorwouldnttouchthepatientsbutuseasticktotouchthemAlsowearajacketthatwascoveredinwaxsupposetoprotectfromthediseaseHasbecomeawaytorememberthedeadandthinkaboutlife3TheColumbinaMaskcolumbinemaskOneoftheonlyhalfmasksOriginallywornbyabeautifulactressandshewastoprettytowanttocoverherwholefaceThisisstrictlytheatricalOriginalmasksmadeofporcelainglassandleatherCarnivalintheAmericasmuchlouderbrighterandoverthetop23millionpeopleand1billionRiocarnivalGiantfloatscostumesandbandsMardiGrasinNewOrleansJeanBienvillearrivednearcurrentdayNewOrleansin1699namedtheplacewherehelandedPointdeMardiGradMGcelebrationsbeganinNewOintheearly1700sbutitwasntuntil1740thattherewerecostumedballsandin1780acarnivalparadeFromthe1800sonKREWESorganizationsparticipatedinthecarnivalcelebrationandintheirownparadespretendtoberoyaltywithakingandqueenetcWorkthroughtheyeartoorganizeparadesMemberspaytobeinparticularkrewerstowhichtheybelongallyearTheFlambeauxandthetorchescarriedbycertainkrewememberstolightthewayThrowsarefreegiftslikeMardigradbeadsthrowntopeoplewatchingTheyalsothrowZulucoconutspaintedgoldTherearereally2MardiGrasinNOLAthedebaucheryintheFrenchquarterandthehistoricallysignificantparadeIn1872agroupofwhiteNOLAbusinessmeninventedKingofCarnivalRextopresideovertheparadetakingoverfromtheFrenchandCreolepopulationsThatyearmembersoftheRussianRomanovroyaltywerevisitingNEWOandtheychosethecoloursgreenfaithpurplejusticeandgoldpowerUntilthe1870sfloatswereconstructedinFranceThefloatswereoftenusedtopokefunatthoseinpowerortospeaktoissuesofthedayEXZulusocialaidandpleasureclubcontroversialinNEWOduringcivilrightsmovementin195060stargetedbyAfricanAmericansTheypaintedtheireyeswhiteandtheirfacesblackMardiGrasIndiansinNewOrleansdecedentsofformerslaveswhoranawayandwerehelpedbypeopleintheareaNotapartoftheofficialparadetheyaresecretandyouonlystumbleuponthemTheywerehelpedinsecretTheyweregroupswhoperformedintheMardigrastothankpeoplethecostumeswereoutrageousandcouldbeseenasraciststereotypesThankyoutoNativeAmericanswhohelpedformerslavesSecretsongandpasswordsthatonlytheMardipeoplewouldsaytoeachotherEveryyearyouneedtomakeanewcostumeandyoumeetwithyourtribethroughouttheyearAlotwasdestroyedinHurricaneKatrinaandalotofpeoplejustdidntcomebackafterthisAlotofthesecamefromChristianandCatholicreligiouscelebrationsCarnivaltakesplaceinFebruaryandMarchCountriesthatdontreallycelebratecarnivalusuallyhaveastrongercelebrationofHalloweenHalloweenthoughttohaveapaganorigineventhoughitsetymologyisChristianItisaderivativeofAllHallowsEveortheeveofAllSaintsDayNovember1ItisaChristianizationoftheCelticfestivalSamhainwhichmeanssummersendThecelebrationinvolvedafeastpreparationforwinterandthewardingoffofevilspiritswithgiantbonfiresItwasthoughttobeatimeofsupernaturalintensitysomethingthatcarriesthroughtoHalloweenItwasalsothoughtitwasatimewhenthesoulsofthedepartedvisitedtheirformerhomesalthoughthismighthavebeenmadeupinthe19thcenturyEitherwayitwasaborderlinefestivalbetweenthesummerandwinterequinoxesbetweensummerandwinterandbetweenlightanddarkInprotestantcountriesEnglandandlatertheUSandCanadabythelate16thcenturyallsaintsdaycelebrationswerebannedorforgottenCertaintraditionsremainedincludingsoulingexchangingfoodforaprayerforthedeadInanumberofcountriescatholiccountriestheyremaintothisdayandcanbeseeninMexicandayofthedeadcelebrationsDayofthedeadyouconsumeandgivefoodbreadandfruittoeatwiththosewhohavepassed1820sHalloweenstartedbecomingwhatweknownowLecture7JacquardLoomspeduptheproductionoftextilesWorkedwithapunchcardsystemthatturnedtheloomonoroffJosephMarieJacquard1801CharlesBabbageDifferenceEngineprecursortotheneverbuiltAnalyticalEngine
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