Test 3: Art Criticism Study Notes.docx

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Department
Visual Arts History
Course
Visual Arts History 2191F/G
Professor
Prof
Semester
Fall

Description
Adorno  Autonomy – self consistent with no outside factors  Art is hijacked by the “dominant ideologies” (Marxist – ideologies owned by the upper-class)  Art must defend its autonomy to combat ideologies  A great artwork will react with a heterogeneous moment  Ex. If a woman is expected to make feminist art and instead makes something different, new and never seen before (perhaps shocking)  Art that is too content focused is more political science then art  This art needs to change with a heterogeneous moment  The same for works that are too aesthetic focused  Line between art and real life  Art is alive – speaks in a way nature and life cannot and must balance within the context of those realms.  Defending autonomy and creating a heterogeneous moment – something that is new and will never be “stamped out”  “otherness”  pleasure of devouring art  Kitsch – symptom of the four levels of culture - High culture, mass culture, pop culture, folk culture - Emotive (person) – plays into your pleasure principle to manipulate you (attached to collective emotion) - Ontological (object) – When high culture moves into mass culture (ex. Van Gogh on a mug) - Human beings are kitsch oriented - Camp = deliberate use of kitsch or low culture (ironic, satiric, self reflexive)  Art must resist the capitalist culture industry by defending its autonomy and creating a heterogeneous moment. Hegel  The world progressively evolves through “dialect”  History testifies to reason or spirit  Marks a major shift after Kant – Art is dead after Kant and his generation.  The elite pursuit of art is dead, not art on the whole  Art is not happening in a lot of places – marketing, social media, etc.  Dialogue about art changes from aesthetic properties to conceptual properties Greenberg  Modernism = the use of characteristic methods of a discipline to criticize the discipline itself (Kant therefore, in his critique of logic using logic, is the first modernist)  Modernism criticizes from within  Art had to justify itself to remain in existence  Painting separated itself from sculpture by drawing attention to those things which sculpture could not do – the flat page (ex. Abstract painting like that of Modrian)   Postmodernism in 6 pieces  Modernity: Early-modern modernity (1400‟s new world), Enlightenment modernity (1700‟s in Europe)  Modernism: art movement such as impressionism vs. expressionism, cubism, futurism, dada, fauvism, etc.  Postmoderism - Subset of modernity and modernism - Begins mid-twentieth century with the atomic bomb - 1950‟s post WWII pop culture
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