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Test 1 Key Terms All the terms and their definitions from lecture and text book.

Visual Arts Studio
Course Code
VAS 1020
Kim Luton
Study Guide

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Axiomatic Logic
Cluster sampling
Content analysis
Control group
Control variables
Cross-sectional research
Deductive logic
Dependent variable
Experimental group
External validity
Grounded theory
Independent variable
Inductive logic
Longitudinal research
Operational definition
Participation observation
Primary vs. Secondary sources
Quota sample
Random sample
-making connecting links between related statements
for deriving a hypothesis
-a series of random samples taken in units of
decreasing size
-a method of analysis that extracts themes from
-a group of subjects in an experiment that is not
exposed to the independent variable
-variables included in a model of behaviour that is
neither independent nor dependent that are used as a
control variable in the experiment
-it is the changes in one variable that coincide with
changes in another variable
-type of research that takes place at one point in time
-the derivation of a specific statement from a set of
more general statements
-the effect in a causal statement, the result from the
independent variable
-the group of subjects in an experiment that is exposed
to the independent variable
-the ability to generalize research results beyond the
artificial laboratory experiment situation to the real
-explanations that arise from the data collected and
that are thus grounded in reality rather than deductive
-a statement of presumed relationship between
-the cause in a causal statement
-the construction of a generalization from a set of
specific statements
-research that occurs over an extended period of time
-description of the actual procedures used to measure
a theoretical concept
-or ethnography, a strategy where the researcher
becomes apart of the group to study it, members are
aware they are being studied
-the application of the natural sciences research
-Marx’s concept that research should not be pure,
conducted for knowledge’s sake but to be applied

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-the primary sources are produced by
contemporaries of an event and secondary
sources are made not individuals not present at
actual event
-a selection of ppl that match the sample to the
population on the basis of certain selected
-a sample which every member of the population
is eligible for the survey and each have equal
Conflict theory
Learning theory
Rational choice theory
Social facts
Symbolic interactionism
Cultural element
Cultural integration
Cultural Materialism
Cultural universals
-the sociological model that portrays society as marked
by competition and or exploitation. 3 major concepts:
power, disharmony, and revolution
-the occasional minor, temporary disruption in social
life, functionalists
-envisioned by functionalist sociologists as the normal
state of a society, marked by interdependence
-the model that portrays society as harmonious and
based on a consensus. 3 main concepts: function,
equilibrium and development
-the microsociological argument that individuals act
and interact based on their past history
-the idea that individuals make choices based on
careful cost-benefit considerations, to max benefits and
min costs
-sources or causes of behaviour
-the microsociological perspective that assumes that
individuals act and interact on the basis of symbolically
encoded information
-the bias that involves seeing things from a male POV and
seeing things in a way that reinforces male privileges
-anything that is shared in common in some social group, is
passed on and in some way affects their behaviour (values,
roles and norms)
-the interrelationship of elements in a given culture so
that an element can lead to change in other elements
-a theoretical perspective in which cultural elements are
explained by showing how they are rational adaptations
to the material environment
-elements of culture found in all known societies
-the sum total of all cultural elements associated with a
given social group
-seeing things from the perspective of one’s own
culture and the belief that one’s own culture is superior
-the bias that white, middle class europe is superior to
the world
-those norms that when violated do not provoke a
strong reaction
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