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Final

Women's Studies 1020E Final: Women Studies 1020E Final Exam Study Guide

25 Pages
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Department
Women's Studies
Course Code
Women's Studies 1020E
Professor
Kim Verwaayen

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EXAM OUTLINE
Sunday April 15th, 2018, 2:00-5:00PM @ Elborn College, 2168A/B
Three parts (approx. one hour per section) (readings list will be available)
o Short Answer with Link (choose 3 out of 6 options. 10 marks per item,
30 marks total.
Choose three items: a term, concept, name, text title, or quote
Define or explain the term, identify the quote and its major ideas,
situate the term in relation to larger ideas of text/lecture it came
from
Discuss how the item connects or contrasts with another theme,
concept or text from the course that you have no addressed above,
explain how item plugs into this other theme/idea/text
Use detail and examples
o Longer Short Answer
Choose 2/3 options, 2x15 marks each, 30 total
Answer the questions with sustained detailed analyses and
examples from course
Doesn’t have to be from readings or lecture, can be from
course overall, so tutorial, movies, any concept
o Essay Answer
Choose 1/2 options; 30 marks total
Make direct and well-developed references to three readings from
the course
Intro, thesis, arguments, conclusion
Welcome to include material from tutorials, class discussion, films
and posted notes but make sure to use three readings
Be literal, “in the reading by Virginia Woolf”
Second Term Readings
Reproductive Health and Justice
Brian Savage, “Large Numbers of Natives Were Sterilized by Province”
o Discusses Alberta Eugenics (the attempting of genetic improvement of humans,
“the deliberate genetic manipulation of a population”)
o Indigenous people represent 2.5% of Alberta and were 25% of those sterilized
o The government tried to pass a bill that reduced the amount of money that people
demanded to be compensated by public criticism they withdrew it
Angela Davis, Outcast Mothers and Surrogates: Racism and Reproductive Politics in the
Nineties
o Discusses how reproductive technologies can be used to perpetuate sexist and
racist notions of motherhood
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
o 3 types of reproductive technology
Prevent/eliminate pregnancy
Monitor/regulate pregnancy
Create/enhance the chances of pregnancy
o we need to examine their affects, Davis says that we may think these
technologies are in relation to individual right and choice, but they are
structurally embedded in socio-cultural and economic relations and
histories
o Artificial insemination
Insertion of sperm into the female reproductive track in some way other
than intercourse
Easy/non-invasive form, generally no surgical procedures
Study found many Canadian clinics that are not testing for chlamydia or
gonorrhea
o In Vitro Fertilization
Different than AI because does the fertilization in a petri dish and then the
embryo is inserted
High success rates
Advantages: men who have fertility problems
Higher rate of miscarriage, success is impacted by age
Invasive procedure, first attempts are often not successful
o Surrogacy
Women is contracted by an individual/couple to carry a pregnancy for
them, sometimes the surrogate may provide genetic material
In Canada, reimbursements are made but doesn’t even add up to minimum
wage
o There may be a connection between contemporary surrogacy and history of
slavery (African American Mammies: female slaves were used as wet nurses
for white slave owners children)
o New developments of technology encourage the emergence of popular
attitudes that bear resemblance to 19th century taboos against abortion and
etc.
o Discusses how, yes white women were being “incarcerated” in their
biological reproductive roles but black women were forced to bear children
for the purpose of expanding human property by slave owners (their status
was basically like “temporary surrogate mother”)
o People may express concern about contemporary technologies, saying that it
is a “deconstruction of motherhood” but slavery was all fragmented
maternities
o Many women don’t have the resources for these technologies accessible to
them (working class, POC)
o People are expected to try everything the can when they’re infertile as if
motherhood is the true role of females
o Its not that reproductive technologies are inherently violative of womens
rights, but their producers commodify motherhood and deepen power
relationships based on class and race
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Loretta Ross Sistersong Women of Color Reproductive (ealth Collective, A Primer on
Reproductive Justice and Social Change
o Reproductive justice is the complete physical, mental, spiritual, political and
social well being of women and girls based on full achievement and protection of
human rights that involves the right to HAVE, NOT HAVE, and PARENT
CHILDREN, REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS NEED TO BE UNDERSTOOD
INTERSECTIONALLY
o Reproductive justice analyzes the inequality of opportunities that we have to
control our reproductive destiny
Extra notes on the topic:
Margaret Sanger
Thought people with undesirable traits should be sterilized (black, prostitute, etc.)
Mississippi Appendectomy
Black women were told they were going to have appendectomy’s but were
permanently sterilized
Trials for birth control happened on people in psychological hospitals because they
were seen as expendable population
Was not informed consent (were told they would have no funding or aid, or their
children would be taken away if they didn’t undergo sterilization)
Leilani Muir
Was dropped off in 1955 at “Alberta training school for mental defectives”
Without knowledge or consent her ovaries were removed but she thought she was having
an appendicitis surgery
This was done under the justification that she was a “moron” and they didn’t want her
reproducing
She got married and found out she didn’t have a chance of being pregnant
Dalkon Shield
IUD on US Market in early 1970s inserted with a string
Dangerous Key problem: bacteria, infection, septic abortions, sterility and some
death
Gets pulled temporarily off market and gets sold to other countries for population control
It was sold unsterilized, one applicator for every 10 shields meaning you have to share
and was only instructed in three languages AT A 48% DISCOUNT
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
EXAM OUTLINE Sunday April 15 , 2018, 2:005:00PM @ Elborn College, 2168AB Three parts (approx. one hour per section) (readings list will be available) o Short Answer with Link (choose 3 out of 6 options. 10 marks per item, 30 marks total. Choose three items: a term, concept, name, text title, or quote Define or explain the term, identify the quote and its major ideas, situate the term in relation to larger ideas of textlecture it came from Discuss how the item connects or contrasts with another theme, concept or text from the course that you have no addressed above, explain how item plugs into this other themeideatext Use detail and examples o Longer Short Answer Choose 23 options, 2x15 marks each, 30 total Answer the questions with sustained detailed analyses and examples from course Doesnt have to be from readings or lecture, can be from course overall, so tutorial, movies, any concept o Essay Answer Choose 12 options; 30 marks total Make direct and welldeveloped references to three readings from the course Intro, thesis, arguments, conclusion Welcome to include material from tutorials, class discussion, films and posted notes but make sure to use three readings Be literal, in the reading by Virginia Woolf Second Term Readings Reproductive Health and Justice Brian Savage, Large Numbers of Natives Were Sterilized by Province o Discusses Alberta Eugenics (the attempting of genetic improvement of humans, the deliberate genetic manipulation of a population) o Indigenous people represent 2.5 of Alberta and were 25 of those sterilized o The government tried to pass a bill that reduced the amount of money that people demanded to be compensated by public criticism they withdrew it Angela Davis, Outcast Mothers and Surrogates: Racism and Reproductive Politics in the Nineties o Discusses how reproductive technologies can be used to perpetuate sexist and racist notions of motherhood
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