Gendered Socialization.docx

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Department
Women's Studies
Course
Women's Studies 1020E
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
WomenStudiesMidtermNotesLecture1GenderedSocializationPlayLanguageARealBabyXStormTorontoparentsKathyWitterickandDavidStockerarenotrevealingthebiologicalsexoftheiryoungestchildStormGenderFreePreschoolEgaliaPreschoolbansgenderedpronounsandgenderstereotypingXAFabulousChildsStoryTheissuesbeingdealtwithisgendersomethingchildrendevelopthroughnatureornurtureEssentialismEssentialismreferstothebeliefthatpeopleandorphenomenonhaveanunderlyingandunchangingessenceThisofteninvolvestheuseofbiologicalphysiologicalandgeneticcausesasexplanationsforhumansocialbehaviorInthiscaselittleifanyexplanatoryweightisgiventopsychologicalsociologicalorculturalexplanationsMakeuswhatweareForexamplewomenarebiologicalExthefactthatwomenarenurturingORmenarealwaysaggressivedefiningcharacteristicisessentialismoruniversalismbecausewemakelargegeneralizingstatementsaboutthingsWomenaregeneticallyattractedtothecolorpinkwhilemenareattractedtogreenbluebecausewomenpickberrieswhileboysthinktheskyandgrassarecalmingsymbolsConstructivismConstructivismorconstructionismistheviewthatgenderiscreatedbycultureGenderislearnedinaregulatedandpredeterminedwaybutcanbechangedorcontestedInthisviewgendernormsmayvaryacrosstimeandcultureOneisnotbornbutbecomesawomenConstructivismsaysnurturemakesusthewayweareculturecanbechangesorcontestedNormsofgendercanchangeacrosstimeandcultureOurbiologicalsexisanessentialfactGenderandsexaredifferentsexreferstobeingbornwithavaginaorpenisIntersectionalityKimberleCrenshawaddstotheconstructionistapproachanunderstandingofhowvariousculturalcategoriesanddifferentaxesofidentitylikegenderraceclassabilityandsexualorientationinteractonmultiplelevelsPeopleoftenexperiencesocialoppressionattheintersectionofdifferentaxesofidentitylikeraceandgenderforinstanceOurvariousrangesofidentitiesallintersectwitheachotheritisaintersectionofexperienceandprivilegesweexperiencesWeareprivilegedaswhitepeoplebutdisadvantagesasawomenTheConstructionofGenderTheStoryofPinkandBluePinkonlyrecentlystartedbeingassociatedwithgirlsandfeminityPinkandblueareafashionandmarketingtrendGenderandLanguageInGenderStereotypingintheEnglishLanguageLaurelRichardsonarguesthatattitudesaboutmenandwomenareencodedintheEnglishlanguageTalkingaboutthewaylanguagetakesupgender1GrammaticalandsemanticstructuresreducewomentobeingpartofmanwithouttheirownautonomousexistenceexMrsJohnScott2Pronounuseperpetuatesgenderstereotypesandgenderedcareerexpectationslanguagereflectsrealitybutcreatesrealityaswell3LinguisticpracticedefinesfemalesasimmatureandincompetentandmalesasmatureandcompetentMrforamanisalwaysusedwhethermarriedornothoweverwomenchangefromMisstoMrswhichshowshowwomenareapartofaman4Womenaredefinedintermsoftheirsexualdesirabilitytomenandmenbytheirsexualprowessoverwomen5Womenaredefinedinrelationtomenmenaredefinedinrelationtotheworld6ThereisahistoricalpatterninwhichonceneutralwordsaffiliatedwithwomenaredenigratedLindaWayneGenderNeutralPronounsAModestProposalWaynepointstosecondwavefeministgainsinestablishednormsofnonsexistlanguagesuchaspostalworkerinsteadofpostmanSheintroducesaquestionaskedbyaskedbyTransgenderedtheoristRickiWilchinswhataboutnonsexedlanguageWaynepointstoourhabitofcontinuallyidentifyingprivateinformationaboutapersonssexasifthisisnecessaryandpublicinformationwithameaningthateveryonesharesNotonlyisthistrendconnectedtotheuniversalizationofmanandsubordinationofwomenasmansotherItlocksusinasexgenderbinarythatonlyincludesbiologicalmenandwomenexcludingtransgenderedtransexualandintersexedpersonsShereviewsandcritiquestheoptionsforsexneutrallanguage1Replacingheandshewiththey2Usingheorshe3Splittingorjoiningpronounswithabackslashhesheorshe4AdoptinggenderneutralpronounssiehirhirsandhirselfLecture2TheBeautyMythNaomiWolfAmericanAuthorandpoliticalconsultantWroteTheBeautyMyth1991rdAspokespersonfor3WaveFeminismpostfeministquestionthingslikethegenderbinaryisthereauniversalwomencritiquingtheearlyfeministviewonpornographyWhatistheBeautyMyth
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