SexualityStudies1021: Exam Review.doc

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Department
Women's Studies
Course
Women's Studies 1021F/G
Professor
Chris Roulston
Semester
Fall

Description
ExamReviewDefining6termsalongwithexamplesshortansweressayquestionsTERMSRubinVictorianMoralityTookplacein19thcenturyEnglandandAmericaDuringthistimepoliticalcampaignsweremadetopromotechastitygetridofprostitutionanddiscouragemasturbationThiseraenforcedtheideaofmasturbationasanunhealthypracticeFurthermoreitwasthoughtthatearlythoughtsandinterestofsexandsexualbehaviorwouldhaveanegativeimpactofthehealthandmaturationofachildTheideaofsexbeingharmfultotheyoungstillexiststodayandischiseledintoextensivesocialandlegalstructuresdesignedtoinsulateminorsfromsexualknowledgeandexperienceInthe1950stheanxietiescondensedmostspecificallyaroundtheimageofthehomosexualmenaceandthedubiousspecterofthesexoffenderSexoffenderstandingforrapistschildmolestersandevenfunctionedasacodeforhomosexualsthetermhadblurreddistinctionsbetweenviolentsexualassaultsandillegalbutconsensualactssuchassodomySexualEssentialismItistheideathatsexisanaturalforcethatexistspriortosociallifeandshapesinstitutionsSexualessentialismisanideathatsexisanaturalforcebasedonourbiology19thcenturyideologyviewedmenasvisuallysexualwhilewomenwereinclinedtosuchnaturalinstinctsasmotherhoodandweresexuallyinhibitedTodisagreewithsexualessentialismistobelievethatcultureandsurroundingsformhumansexualitythiswouldbesexualconstructionismItisaclassicnaturevsnurtureargumentEmbeddedinWesternsocietiesSexasapropertyofindividualsItmayresideintheirhormonesortheirpsychesItmaybeconstruedasphysiologicalorpsychologicalButwithintheseethnoscientificcategoriessexualityhasnohistoryandnosignificantsocialdeterminantsHomosexualityasasexualessentialismFoucaultarguesthatdesiresarenotpreexistingbiologicalentitiesbutratherthattheyareconstitutedinthecourseofhistoricallyspecificsocialpracticesSexualityintheWesternsocietieshasbeenstructuredwithinanextremelypunitivesocialframeworkandhasbeensubjectedtoveryrealformalandinformalcontrolsRubinnamesfivecategoriesthatcontributetothecontrolofsexualityandthataresopervasivetheyappearnaturaltous1SexnegativityWesternculturesgenerallyconsidersextobeadangerousdestructiveandnegativeforceVirtuallyalleroticbehaviorisconsideredbadunlessaspecificreasontoexemptithasbeenestablishedThemostacceptableexcusesaremarriagereproductionandlove2ThefallacyofmisplacedscaleweattributetoomuchimportancetosexualbehaviorSexlawhasincorporatedthereligiousattitudethathereticalsexisanespeciallyheinoussinthatdeservestheharshestpunishmentssmalldifferencesinvalueorbehaviorareexperiencedascosmicthreats3Thehierarchicalvaluationofsexactsthesexhierarchy4ThedominotheoryofsexualperilmostofthediscoursesonsexbetheyreligiouspsychiatricpopularorpoliticaldelimitaverysmallportionofhumansexualcapacityassanctifiablesafehealthymaturelegalorpoliticallycorrectThelineappearstostandbetweensexualorderandchaosOnlysexactsonthegoodsideofthelineareaccordedmoralcomplexity5TheconceptofbenignsexualvariationVariationisafundamentalpropertyofalllifefromthesimplestbiologicalorganismtothemostcomplexhumansocialformationsYetsexualityissupposedtoconformtoasinglestandardOneofthemosttenaciousideasaboutsexisthatthereisonebestwaytodoitandthateveryoneshoulddoitthatwayTheSexHierarchyAccordingtothissystemsexualitythatisgoodnormalandnaturalshouldideallybeheterosexualmartialmonogamousreproductiveandnoncommercialItshouldbecoupledrelationalwithinthesamegenerationandoccurathomeItshouldnotinvolvephotographyfetishobjectssextoysofanysortorrolesotherthanmaleandfemaleAnysexthatviolatestheserulesisbadabnormalorunnaturalBadsexmaybehomosexualunmarriedpromiscuousnonprocreativeorcommercialItmaybemasturbatoryortakeplaceat
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