Women's Studies 1022F/G Final: WS 1022G Final Exam Study Guide
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Department
Women's Studies
Course Code
Women's Studies 1022F/G
Professor
Bipasha Baruah

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WS 1022G: Gender, Justice, Change Final Exam Study Guide Part I: Distinguish briefly (2-3 sentences) between the following terms, providing examples if appropriate: (4*5 = 20 points) Part II: Provide brief answers (2-3 sentences) to the following questions, with examples if appropriate: (4*5 = 20 points) Part III: Respond to ONE of these essay questions in your own words (1,000 words max) 20 points Terms & Definitions: 1. Direct (Militarized) Violence a. Physical violence – Murder, threats, verbal violence b. Specifically talking about military violence – The tangible violence through military occupation and military actions, be that war, physical war, or dropping bombs, occupying towns, holding prisoners of war, literal violence from militarized institutions c. The other side of structural violence – Some consider it a by-product of structural violence 2. Structural Violence a. Dislocation, poverty, disease, hunger, decreased social spending b. Violence in social institutions c. Ex. Taking away from education and healthcare and putting it into funding for the military and structures of violence instead d. Social welfare, health, education, public housing become compromised e. Injustice and exploitation built into a social system that generates wealth for few and poverty for many 3. UN Security Council Resolution 1325 a. Enacted in 2000 – Military peacekeeping bill b. To decrease sexual exploitation and abuse in peacekeeping operations, improve local women’s security, and increase women’s participations in peacekeeping c. Minorities are forced to fit in with the structures that already exist – Therefore you really don’t make an impact for equality 4. Political Economy a. The interplay between economics, law, and politics b. How institutions develop in different social and economic systems – Such as capitalism, socialism, and communism c. Analyzes how public policy is created and implemented 5. Liberalization a. Principle of neo-liberalism b. Ensuring a free-market economy by removing government interference in the “free” flow of money, goods, services and capital, but not people c. Protects the free-market, but not the people 6. Deregulation a. Principle of neo-liberalism b. Relaxing or removing state controls on wages, prices, foreign exchange rates c. Reducing state regulatory functions to protect – Ex. workers’ rights, the environment d. Reduces regulatory functions 7. Privatization a. Principle of neo-liberalism b. Reducing state ownership and management of enterprises in favor of the private sector c. Pay a user fee to access private sector resources – Ex. For-profit prisons 8. Stabilization Policies a. Principle of neo-liberalism b. Reducing government spending and deficits c. Decrease in public sector jobs and expenditure on social programs d. Reduces government spending on social programs – Childcare, social work 9. Specialization a. Principle of neo-liberalism b. In economic activities based on assumed “comparative advantage” c. Favors export-oriented policies 10. Globalization from Above a. Policies and changes imposed by multinational corporations and/or transnational organizations like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank 11. Globalization from Below a. Creation of grassroots coalitions, networks and enterprises that bring people across nations into more equitable and mutually favorable relations and arrangements 12. Neoliberalism a. Current political-economic practices based on unregulated markets, increased privatization, decline of the welfare state, reduced social spending 13. International Financial Institutions a. Can include public banks and regional development banks b. Provide loans, grants, and technical assistance to governments, as well as loans to private businesses investing in developing countries c. Includes the WB, IMF, WTO 14. World Bank a. One of the world’s largest development assistance sources b. HQ in Washington, DC c. Intended to support economic recovery d. Created by the 1944 Bretton Woods Agreement in New Hampshire 15. International Monetary Fund (IMF) a. Designed to help countries cover short-term balance of payment deficits b. Became an agent of structural adjustment in the 1980s/1990s c. Created by the 1944 Bretton Woods Agreement in New Hampshire alongside the World Bank d. Sister organization to the World Bank – Created at the same time e. Primary purpose is to ensure the stability of the international monetary system – System of exchange rates and
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