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Final

AN101 Study Guide - Final Guide: White Supremacy, Mccarthyism, Indigenous Peoples Of Mexico


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
AN101
Professor
Todd Ferretti
Study Guide
Final

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EVA MACKEY
-Becoming Indigenous: Cultural Difference, and National Identity in Canada.
-“THE HOUSE OF DIFFERENCE”
-Constant theme in debates about Canadian identity is the notion that Canada is
marginal to and victimized by various forms of Colonialism, most recently, by
American cultural imperialism.
-The idea that Canada is a marginal and defenseless victim depends on highly
gendered images.
-Gendered images portray Canada as victimized by external others, creating the
fiction of a homogenous and unified body, and also erasing the ways in which the
Canadian nation victimized its internal others on the basis of race, culture, gender or
class.
-These metaphors create a notion of “NATIONAL INNOCENCE”—locating the
oppressors “outside” the nation, rather than inside.
-SITES OF IDENTITY PRODUCTION—Such as the media, museums, art and
advertising create narratives of nationhood which stand for and represent “shared
experiences” which give meaning to a nation.
-We therefore see ourselves as members of an imagined community.
EX. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa- The culture of Aboriginal peoples is
transformed into a form of cultural property that the Canadian nation has inherited.
-“THE LAND AS A UNIFIER OF DIVERSITY” The Canadian land unifies those from
around the world- We settle here searching for a new beginning- End up working
and “giving the land our sweat and hardships”—The shift constructs the colonizers
as people who share in the Aboriginal peoples goal of “giving to the land” and living
in harmony with it.
*Such representations “erase” the negative effects of colonialism.
-This story transforms history because it eliminates worries white Canadians might
have about negative effects of Colonization.
-Result is a sense of NATIONAL SETTLER INNOCENCE—We think we are giving
back to the land, which is what the Aboriginals wanted (we are giving the
Aboriginals what they want)
SPIRIT OF A NATION:
We come from many distant countries
We bring a promise to the land
That we will honour and protect her
All her people working hand in hand
-The desire to “have” an identifiable culture and identity emerges from European
models of nation-building, and also to particular historically constituted
conceptualizations of personhood.
-POSSESSIVE INDIVIDUALISM “Having”or “Possessing” a culture and a history are
constituted as essential to the identity of an ethnic group or nation.
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-Having a differentiated, bounded, and defined identity is an essential feature of
NORMAL PERSONHOOD or NORMAL NATIONHOOD, as constituted in a modern
Western framework.
THOMAS H. ERIKSEN
WHAT IS NATIONALISM?
ERNEST GELLNER “NATIONALISM invents nations where they do not exist”
EX. Brazilians and Samba
EX. American Nationalism is constituted through music.
-Argues Nationalism is a theory of political legitimacy, based on the idea that ethnic
boundaries should not cut across political ones.
*NATIONALISM ESTABLISHES A LINK BETWEEN ETHNICITY AND THE STATE.
*NATIONALISMS are ETHNIC IDEOLOGIES which hold that their group should
dominate the state.
-IDEOLOGY—A structure of ideas that is used to dominate the thinking of others,
this thinking then becomes common sense.
-Nationalism stresses solidarity between the poor and the rich, it creates the idea
that the only principle of political exclusion has to do with the boundaries of the
nation.
EX. If you are poor you don’t see the inequality and hardships between you and the
rich as much when it comes to Nationalism- What you see is that you are all
Canadian, united by the fact that you are Canadian. Only differences you see are of
those that do not live in Canada.
-Nationalism- Must speak the nation language, must have passport, etc.
BENEDICT ANDERSON
-NATION—a imagined political community. *Imagined as both inherently limited
and sovereign.
-NATIONALISM—a secular religion. *WE BELIEVE IT SO STRONGLY THAT OUR
SENSE OF SELF, OUR RELATIONS, OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE UNIVERSE, AND
OUR PLACE ARE WRAPPED AROUND THIS NOTION OF THE “NATION”.
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