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Study Guide

AR101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 55 pages long!)


Department
Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course Code
AR101
Professor
Bonnie Glencross
Study Guide
Final

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WLU
AR101
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Jade Lam Lecture 1.1 Sep 7, 2017
202 Regina Archaeology office R106F Office hours Wednesday 1-2pm bglencross@wlu.ca
Catalhoyuk
- WHO: Was first excavated by James Mellaart
- WHEN: Neolithic age
- WHAT: Adopted agriculture and domestication of animals -> impact on human health
o Research project where archaeologists excavated a 9500 Neolithic village
o Studied for the origins of religion
- WHY: Bigger picture: how this site relates to other sites across Europe
o Investigation of human health, activity patterns (trade, religion, etc.), land use,
resources and social structure will provide new understanding of this key period in
human evolution
-Site tells you just as much as the artifacts (Context)
-Archaeologists recover the material culture of past peoples and sometimes even the people
Bones
-Tells you diet, physical activity and lifestyle influence bone health and take part in the etiology of
osteoporosis
Laboratory Work
-Fieldwork is always followed by laboratory work
-Artifacts are analyzed and interpreted
-Biological Profile (sex, age)
Results
-Disseminated at scientific conferences in journals and books
What is Archaeology
-How we view and learn about the past by looking at material remains (objects, artifacts, the site and
landscape that houses that site in their temporal (Time and how old something is) and spatial context
(how objects are distributed across the site)
-Tells the story of the past; the past can have multiple meanings and interpretations
-Originates from Anthropology the study of humankind
Anthropology
- Cultural
- Biological
- Linguistics
- Archaeology
Archaeology shares with Anthropology an interest in human culture
-Culture is:
- What people do (Behaviour)
- What people think (system of meaning)
- Our primary means of adapting to our environment
- Learned, shared, patterned
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Jade Lam Lecture 1.1 Sep 7, 2017
Archaeology shares with History an interest in the human past
-Prehistoric archaeology studies the past time spans and societies where there was no written record
-Historic archaeology studies societies for which written records exist; goes beyond written documents
Physical traces of human actions
-Artifacts (physical objects made/modified by humans)
-Features (things that are built/modified by humans, cannot take them away)
-Ecofacts
Physical traces of human actions
-Sites
-Culture landscapes
The world as seen by archaeologists
-Material remains are a result of human activity (cognitively structured behaviour)
-Task of archaeology is to reconstruct these patterns and explain their meaning i.e. tell stories about the
past
Classical Archaeologists
-Study Greek and Roman civilization
Historical Archaeologists
-Study relatively recent sites such as Colonial American towns or medieval cities
Prehistorians
-Study prehistoric settlements
Paleoanthropologists
-Study the earliest hominid cultures
Bio archaeologists
-Study mortuary behavior and skeletal remains
Why study the past?
-Explore who we are and where we came from (Identity)
-Information about the past can contribute to resolve modern human problems
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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