AR201 Study Guide - Tudigong, Kykeon, Ichor

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course
AR201
Professor
CL204 Terms
First Half:
Ichor: what gods have instead of blood
Ambrosia: food of the gods
Sparagmos: a ritual tearing apart of a sacrificial victim
Parthenogenesis: to reproduce asexually
Epiphany: when a deity shows their true form to a mortal
Glaukopis: owl-eyed
Kykeon: special drink (like beer) associated with Demeter
Kourotrophic Deity: child nurturer
Cestus: Aphrodite’s attribute – a strap worn to make her sexually irresistible
Hieros Gamos: sacred marriage
Anthropomorphic: having the form of a man
Archetype: original pattern of which copies can be made
Succession myth: younger generations oppose older ones until present world
order comes into being
Cosmos: heaven, earth, and the underworld
Etiological myth: explains how the world came to be
Epopteia: redemption and purification of souls
Hubris: prideful arrogance
Keryos: male guardian
----------------------------MIDTERM-----------------------------
Second Half:
Ethos: mans innate character
Stepterion: re-enactment of Apollo’s ritual cleansing
Talaria: Hermes’ attribute – winged sandals
Petasos: Hermes’ attribute – travellers hat
Chlamys: Hermes’ attribute – cloak
Kerykeion: Hermes’ attribute – herald’s staff
Syrinx: Instrument invented by Hermes shepherds pipes
Herms: symbols of good luck
Hamartia: missing the mark any action that did not win divine approval
Omphalos: stone indicating the centre of the earth
Pythia: priestess seated on a tripod
Diplogennemnos: twice born
Kantharos: Dionysos’ attribute drinking cup
Thyrsos: Dionysos’ attribute – staff topped with a pinecone
Bacchae: women possessed by Dionysos, A.K.A. Maenads
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Document Summary

Sparagmos: a ritual tearing apart of a sacrificial victim. Epiphany: when a deity shows their true form to a mortal. Kykeon: special drink (like beer) associated with demeter. Cestus: aphrodite"s attribute a strap worn to make her sexually irresistible. Archetype: original pattern of which copies can be made. Succession myth: younger generations oppose older ones until present world order comes into being. Etiological myth: explains how the world came to be. Syrinx: instrument invented by hermes shepherds pipes. Hamartia: missing the mark any action that did not win divine approval. Omphalos: stone indicating the centre of the earth. Thyrsos: dionysos" attribute staff topped with a pinecone. Satyrs: male devotees of dionysos very goat like with erect phalli. Silens: older versions of satyrs, such as silenus who was the tutor of dionysos. Paean: song sung by the followers of apollo. Erinyes/furies: created from the blood of ouranos" castration and were chthonic powers of wrongs and blood-guilt within the family.

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