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AR103 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Genetic Drift, Mitosis, Meiosis

Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course Code
Jonathan Haxell
Study Guide

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What are the 4 processes of natural selection?
What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?
Describe a population bottleneck.
How is variation generated?
What are the 3 processes of adaptation?
Describe the 2 types of fossilization.
How does mutation occur?
How many chromosomes do humans have?
Describe Gregor Mendel’s experiment.
What are alleles?
What are the 3 steps of the process of speciation?
Describe the 3 sub-disciplines of paleoecology?
What is the difference between mendelian traits and polygenic traits?
What is gene flow?
What is DNA composed of?
How is variation maintained?
Describe the process of DNA hybridization.
What is genetic drift?
How are the traits of successful organisms transmitted to the next generation?
What three factors are necessary for a breeding (mendelian) population?