Tort law compensate victims for harm caused by the activities of others. Example: when a person punches a neighbor in the nose, the neighbor may sue the offender for the tort of battery, and the government may also charge him with the criminal offence of assault causing bodily harm. Tort identifies a set of circumstances that creates a right to claim compensation. Strict liability- anyone who caused direct injury to another had to pay compensation whether intentional or not. Overtime the idea developed that a person should not be responsible for harm caused to another if he acted without fault. Looking into indirect causation ( log and horse) Fault- refers to blameworthy or culpable conduct, that in the eyes of the law is unjustifiable because it intentionally or carelessly disregards the interests of others. People will be more inclined to be careful if they know that they have to pay for their carelessness.