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Midterm 2 Study Guide.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Jennifer Lavoie

CC210: MID-TERM EXAMINATION #2 – STUDY GUIDE The exam will cover lectures, videos and readings from the course text book for Week 5 through to the end of psychopathy (Week 8) The exam will consist two parts: PART 1: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (40 QUESTIONS, 1 MARK EACH) PART 2: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (3 QUESTIONS, 5 MARKS EACH) TOTAL: OUT OF 55 MARKS EXAMINATION DATE: Wednesday November 14 , 2012 th You will have the full class time to complete the mid-term examination and it will be worth 20% of your final grade for the course. The mid-term examination will be in the same classroom as the lectures. You are expected to be familiar with all material covered in the course up to the end of Week 8 – this includes material from the readings that were not discussed in the lecture. Study Tip 1: The emphasis on this exam, like the last one, is on lecture-based content, slides, and class discussion. Study Tip 2: Good preparation and comprehensive study notes are the key to success for the short answer questions. Be sure your study notes FULLY answer all parts of the question, and that you make 5-6 unique points. Sample Multiple Choice Questions for Midterm 2 1. The process whereby people lose their identities and feel less responsible in a crowd is called: a) deindividuation. b) mob-angry reaction. c) reciprocal interaction. d) crowd masking. e) mob effect. 2. Milgram, in his studies, found that _____ of people are willing to shock a victim with high levels of electric shock primarily on the basis of request from an experimenter. a) about 25% b) a small portion (less than 10%) c) a majority (or about two-thirds) d) about half e) none of the above 3. A common human tendency to discount the influence of a situation and explain behavior by referring to the personality of an actor is called: a) reductionism. b) type I error. c) ecological error. d) fundamental attribution error. e) type II error. 4. If Bandura’s position is essentially correct, then aggressive and violent behavior can be substantially reduced by: a) providing appropriate models. b) physically punishing children for aggressive behavior. c) allowing children to blow off steam in socially desirables ways. d) controlling the sale of guns and weapons in our society. e) reducing high school truancy. 5. Increasing desired behavior by distributing rewards is: a) discipline. b) negative reinforcement. c) punishment. d) extinction. e) positive reinforcement. 6. Which of the following behaviors represents an example of passive-aggressive behavior? a) Slapping someone b) Refusing to speak to someone c) Shouting at someone d) Shooting someone e) Robbing someone 7. In hostile aggression, the perpetrator’s primary goal is to: a) ridicule the victim. b) kill the victim. c) make the victim suffer. d) obtain an item of value. e) avenge a wrong. 8. Lorenz believed that a principle purpose of aggression in animals is to: a) keep the species population down to a survival level. b) kill other species. c) reproduce d) demonstrate which species is the most powerful and controlling. e) defend and protect “staked out” territory. 9. Freud believed the causes of aggression to be basically: a) instinctive. b) learned. c) an interaction between biological and environmental factors. d) biochemical. e) all of the above. 10. After getting into a physical altercation with a co-worker at his job site, George tailgates two cars on the drive home and throws a cell phone at his wife when he arrives home to find that dinner is not ready. The George’s behavior toward his wife can be best described through: a) excitation transfer theory. b) Medea complex. c) road rage. d) rumination. e) weapons effect. 11. _____ refers to self-focused attention toward one’s thoughts and feelings. In other words, the person keeps thinking about an incident long after it is over. a) Expressive aggression b) Rumination c) Nodal behavior d) Antinodal behavior e) Subliminal foci 12. According to Freud, the human aggression can best be described as: a) a sign of narcissism b) the release of pent-up energy c) functional behavior d) bottling up emotions e) rare 13. The term _____ refers to the cognitive shortcuts people use to make quick inferences about their world. a) coercion b) cognitive reframing c) signatories d) cognitive ease e) availability heuristics 14. The phenomenon whereby the mere presence of a gun or other weapon can stimulate violence is called: a) confirmation bias. b) stimulus provocation. c) weapons effect. d) weapons focus. e) iatrogenic effect. 15. Terrorist activity is often included in which of the FBI's category of homicide? a) Group cause homicide b) Criminal enterprise murder c) Personal cause murder d) Sexual homicide e) Politically motivated homicide. 16. When a caregiver fab
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