-is technology “culturally neutral”?
-look at “the web of human activities surrounding the machine:
-what supplies it needs
-what skills users need
-what needs to be built to support it
-“if it’s to be of any use, (technology) must ﬁt into a pattern of activity which belongs to a
particular lifestyle and set of vales”
-ex) electric ferris wheel vs. manual one. Less skills required for a manual one.
-ex) Hovding’s bike scarf. Innovated upscale helmet. Innovation was needed because this tool
is more useful to people’s lives, more attractive, less bulky.
Pacey on progress:
-What is progress?
-Does progress mean there has to be a goal? : Yes, you need to know the goal you are
-what type of goals make sense for humanity?
Energy per grain - ex) less energy on every piece of grain used.
Industrial revolution - a period in which the core of the economy switched from farming to
manufacturing. People went from working in isolation on their farms near the family to working
outside of the house on a regular basis in a factory and being supervised.
What was more important in terms of the industrial revolution, according to Pacey?
-organizational change: gathering workers in one place
Linear Development - organizational change led to technological change.
tool = technology + human usage —> a goal
ex) paper clip is the technology and how we use a paper clip is human usage