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Study Guide

CS100- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 31 pages long!)


Department
Communication Studies
Course Code
CS100
Professor
Jade Miller
Study Guide
Final

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WLU
CS100
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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CS-100 In-Class Notes Clicker Frequency -- AA
Week 2 (January 15th) Technological and Cultural Determinism
Readings: Pacey, Winner
The Culture of Technology by Arnold Pacey
o Relationship between technology and its use (main theme for Pacey reading)
o Role of technology (ex. cellphone not using it in the same was as your
grandmother)
o Recording, taking pictures, sending messages, surveillance, etc.
o Is teholog ultuall eutal?
Pacey says definitely not
o Look at the web of human activities surrounding the machine
Its use
Its image
What supplies it needs
What skills users need
o If its to be any use, (technology) must fit into a pattern of activity which
elogs to a patiula lifestle ad set of alues
o Clicker: Pacey used a snowmobile as the piece of technology for his piece
Video: Hand-powered Ferris Wheel in Bombay
o Using their bodies to power the wheel, not electricity
o Cost-efficient
o Physical fitness is prized (no need for electricity manual labour instead)
o Easier to install
o No technical difficulties
Video: Hovding Airbag for cyclists
o Shock absorption
o Blow-up helmet to save cyclists from impact
o Acts as an airbag for your head
o Protects the head
o Fits into peoples lives meets their needs (this type of technology)
o People have other needs something to protect them but also be fashionable,
compact, etc.
o Not sold in Canada developed by Swedish
o Powered with compressed gas
Pollution sensitive EPA dress
o Dress wrinkles when exposed to polluted air
Video: Spider Machine
o Developed for someone to use at a festival to look cool (which is a human need)
o Burning man 2007
What is progress?
o A measurement of whether you are advancing towards that specific goal
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Does progress mean there must be a goal?
o Yes
o Ex. goal is to communicate better -- progress is inventing/using eojis
What types of goals make sense for humanity?
o Everyone had access to the tools they need to achieve their goals (ex. mental
health, education, emotional care)
o No one suffers from hunger, thirst, or lack of shelter
o Humans no longer fight one another in wars
o Sicknesses are increasingly eradicated and are more easily treated
Not all goals intersect but some do
Must choose one goal in order to correctly measure the progress
How do we measure progress towards a goal? (Pacey says its really hard)
Definitions of success change, measurement change
o E. hat is pogess i faig? used i Paes eadig
Total grain output?
Energy per grain?
More sustainable?
Progress: what is the goal?
We at assue goals ae uiesal
How do we know if we are doing better than our grandparents? In what sense?
o Happier? More financially secure?
Industrial revolution
o Technological change
Steam engine
o Occurs and continues to occur when labour changes from manual labour to the
creation of factories
o Social and organizational change
Gathering workers in one place and watching over them
o Pacey says there was a technological development that sparked the industrial
revolution
o Pae sas hats eall ipotat aout the eolutio is that soethig else
happened
People began to leave their home and went somewhere else to work ex.
facility, factory clocking in/out, spending time away from family
Clicker: Pacey says that technological and organizational changes are both equally
important in terms of the industrial revolution
Linear development
o First one thing happened, then something better, then better, etc.
o P.24 all these ies ae aiats of a attitude ofte efeed to as tehologial
determinism, which presents technological advance as a process of steady
development dragging human society along in train (out of the blue, someone
developed this new technology and people were unsure to use it once they
did, everything was better). Then many social problems are regarded as being
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