CS333 Study Guide - Final Guide: Aboriginal Voices Radio Network, Open-Source Hardware, Raspberry Pi Foundation

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30 Jul 2016
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CS-333 Final Notes
Day 14 – Indy Radio/ Television
Lowe-power FM= local (Range =5 miles)
Reaction to loosening of regulations for corporations
Activist + media identity
Media activism
Media democracy
Citizen radio
Geeks: technology
Activists: social justice issues
“Critical agency” implies the existence of a belief in a critical space within or outside of
normal social relations from which the intellectual can articulate objective critical
knowledge of those relations
Community radio
In each case community radio is defined as:
oExplicitly constituted as ‘non-profit distributing’;
oDesigned to serve specific communities – both geographically – based and
‘communities of interest’;
oHaving management structures that are representative of the communities that
the station is designed to serve;
oProviding programming that is relevant to the community being served
Community, campus, indigenous/ethnic
Example:
oCKWR 98.5FM (Kitchener-Waterloo)
oCKON-FM 97.3 (Sekon = “hello” in Mohawk”)
Pirate station, not officially licensed in either US or Canada
oAVRN – Aboriginal Voices Radio Network
CKAV – fm
oRadio Laurier – Internet radio since 2010; low power FM before that
Programming: locally produced (at Laurier), syndicated (mostly students)
Alternative Radio Networks
Primarily internet
Provide programming to other radio stations – local or community
Darnwi.com
Devil’s advocates’ radio
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oMadison, Wisconsin
Classwars.org
Weekly hour-long show
oPodcasts
oLive-streaming
Ecoshock.org
Podcasts as Alt-radio
Rabble.ca/podcasts
o@ 30 alt sources
oFeatured podcasts on site
Rabble radio
oMix of political commentary, soundseeing tours, movie reviews, Canadian music
oProduced by volunteers in Canada
*Podcasts are shows not stations
Day 15 – Video
Proposition 8 – Same-sex marriage in California
Two sections
o1. Title
This measure shall be known and may be cited as the “California
Marriage Protection Act”.
o2. Section 7.5
only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in
California
More on the NO side than the YES as per research
YES videos tended to be more scripted and professionally done – corporate/
organizations?
NO videos tended to be more amateur; documented protests after Prop 8 succeeded –
grassroots or citizen produced?
Videos as Alternative Journalism
Alt-news sites:
oVideo links, YouTube channels, Alt-video channels
Citizen Journalism
oWitness Media Lab
Human Rights YouTube channel
The Hub: “global platform for human rights media & action”
Day 16 – DIY Internet
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Open Source as Culture/Culture as Open Source
Basis of much of innovation, creation, development:
oCopyright, trademark, patent, intellectual property rights
Proprietary Ideology
o“Innovation wouldn’t occur without strong incentive for the innovator to exploit
for commercial gain”
oEntrepreneurship  Patents/copyrights  commercialization  royalties/profit
oOWNING the rights to an idea or creation is KEY
Intellectual Property Rights
“The veneration of intellectual property rights as the foundation of innovation and
creativity above all other forms has generated an unhealthy cultural and social
condition” – Richard Adkisson, economist
Some who refused patents
Jonas Salk – polio vaccine
Tim Berners-Lee: WWW, decided it should be freely available
John Walker: Invented matches (1820s), wanted to make sure it was available for
everyone
Wilhelm Roentgen: discovered x-rays (1895), wanted mankind as a whole to benefit
from practical applications
Free culture
Benjamin Franklin
oInvented the Franklin stove, lightning rods, odometer, bifocal glasses, swim fins,
three-wheel clock, daylight savings time, glass harmonica, electric motor in the
late 18th century
DIY Computing
Open source software
Open source hardware
Richard Stallman
Computer scientist at MIT
oAs a scientist, felt openness was being criminalized
oAs a citizen, felt freedom of speech and creativity were constricted
Created the Free Software Foundation
oResponse to copyrighted “source code”
o(Free as in liberated)
oLate 1990s: hackers built the “holy grail of free software”, an open source
operating system
Group lead: Linus Torvalds
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