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Study Guide

ES101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 59 pages long!)


Department
Environmental Studies
Course Code
ES101
Professor
Edmund Okoree
Study Guide
Final

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WLU
ES101
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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1.2 Living sustainable
Environment: Everything that affects a living organism ( any form of life)
Ecology: is a biological science that studies the relationship between living
organisms and their environment.
Environmental Science: study that uses information from the physical
sciences and social sciences to learn how the Earth works, how we interact
with the earth, and how to deal with environmental problems
Environmentalism: is a social movement dedicated to protecting the
earth's life support systems for us and other species.
Something crucial in environmental studies is recognizes material and
processes of the earth.
Capital: wealth required to sustain a business
^^ environmental definition would involve the materials that make up
earth and that are needed to sustain life
E.g energy from the sun can be refered to as ‘solar capital’
p
rotect your capital and live off the income it provides
(section 1.1)
Refers to that we need to not only focus on elements of the earth such as water,air
and land but also processes that circles earth’s energy and materials
Natural Capital( goods and services) : can refer to things such as coal,
trees , flowing river ( process)
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA)--->
Called for by the UN
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Objective to assess the consequences that drastically changing ecosystem has
on human based on scientific analysis
Ecological services include:
Supporting services
- necessary for the production of all other ecosystem
services, such as primary production (plant growth), production of oxygen,
and soil formation.
Provisioning
- products people obtain from ecosystems, such as food, fuel,
fiber, fresh water, and genetic resources.
Regulating
- benefits people obtain from the regulation of ecosystem
processes, including air quality maintenance, climate regulation, erosion
control, regulation of human diseases, and water purification.
Cultural
- nonmaterial benefits people obtain from ecosystems through
spiritual enrichment, cognitive development, reflection, recreation, and
aesthetic experiences.
Without the above processes we would not be able maintain natural capital
and resources that are important to us
Sustainability: refers to the ability of a system to survive for an extended period
of time.
^^ e.g if we need a resource for a long period of time we must take action to ensure
that the resource is viable without a possibility of it not being there in the future.
quoteAn environmentally sustainable society meets the basic resource needs of
its people indefinitely without degrading or depleting the natural capital that supplies
these resources”
Degrading or depleting (exhaustion or consumption) -
You probably have a
general idea of when something is degraded or depleted. We can tell when the air
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