Reflections/ Course Connections/ Additional Material
February 25 , 2013 Reflection
The material possession of the territory was described as climbing to the top of a
mountain and claiming everything that can be seen from this view point. This description
reminded me of the Lion King when Mufassa tells Simba that everything the light
touches in view from Pride Rock is their kingdom. I have provided a video link below
which beautifully depicts this scene. (First 30 seconds of the video)
Later in the lecture we discussed the rise of slavery and the use of maps to present
data. When discussing the rise of European powers it is impossible to fully understand
this rise without recognizing the use of slavery and the exploitation of African. This
connects the sculptures of the headless Andrew’s from the first lecture. The artist depicts
the Andrew’s without their heads in traditional African dress possibly as means of
reintegrating slavery into the portrait. The original portrait depicts the land the Andrew’s
own but fails to display the workers who would have also been on the land (likely
African slaves), by bringing African culture into the art work a form of truth is
reintroduced. This is much like the need to reintroduce slavery into colonial maps and
February 27 , 2013 Tutorial Response
In this tutorial we discussed European fear of the unknown and how in their maps
they go about “othering” different cultures. This connects to information from many of
my other courses (Global Studies) which discuss Said’s argument of Orientalism and the
process of othering different cultures. In the case of Europe they were making
assumptions based on very little information to form “understandings” of the various
cultures. Maps were created based on these assumption making them seem like true data
although there was very little evidence to support any of the depictions displayed on these
maps. Going along with the process of Orientalism there was a great deal of information
flowing from Europe to the world about these cultures but little to no information about
Europe flowing from these cultures back to various places in the world. From a very early
time European explorers effectively were conducting Orientalistic research.
Later in the tutorial we discussed the possibility of the Menzies to have
discovered the Americas long before Columbus. I find this interesting that the European
version of history is often the one that becomes most prevalent. If there had been a flow
of information from Asian countries to Europe this discovery may have been documented
and built upon by Western explorers potentially changing the course of history. I am also
curious about the treatment of Native peoples by the Menzies in comparison to
colonialists, would the interaction of people been more respectful? And if so would the
land have been taken with the same assimilation intentions? Building on this point I find
it interesting that Western societies can take it upon themselves to slightly alter history
for their benefit. Another example is the changing of names to make them English can
change how history is perceived. By changing Columbus from Christobol Colon to Christopher Columbus the understanding goes from an obviously Spanish explorer to one
of misperceived English decent.
March 6 , 2013 Tutorial Response
When discussing the landscape changes during colonialism one of the points
mentioned making “the area seem slave friendly” this confused me and made me slightly
upset. I understand that slavery was common in history but the coercion of people into
slavery through tactics such as making it seem “friendly” seems unacceptable to me.
Labourers thinking the conditions would be better in these areas than in other places
made them prefer to work here. The actual conditions of these areas being better or worse
is questionable though and I am intrigued to see if the conditions were actually better or if
the areas just had better marketing.
March 11 , 2013 Lecture Response
In this lecture World Systems Theory or Dependency Theory was discussed. In
Global Studies we focus extensively on this to describe the relationships between the
periphery and core countries. For this course it seems that the dependency of the
periphery on the core is used as a justification for Western superiority over other nations.
The use of racial identity adds to this justification in this lecture. Colonialism formed
hierarchies globally that have remained after countries have gained independence.
Colonial powers have remained some of the most powerful countries in the world setting
the colonized countries up for lower positions. Many of these countries remain in extreme
debt because of the colonial/ dependent relationship that has been formed. I find
Dependency Theory an interesting way to understand global relationships and why many
countries are in the position they are currently in. I am glad this was brought up in
relation to colonialization in this course.
In this lecture we went further in dept connecting Said with Orientalism as
discussed in my previous response (see Feb 27 , 2013). Here we discussed knowledge as
something that is constructed rather than reflective of the truth. The European maps
display the constructed knowledge of other cultures rather than the humans that are
actually found in these areas. This relates to Said’s argument because often the
information flowing from the West to the rest of the world is based on constructed
knowledge rather than facts. The colonial maps depict half human, often cannibalistic
creatures are figments of confusion and unknown on the behalf of the West which is then
distributed throughout the West and colonial areas as if it is truth. Another example of
this is from a Global Studies course. We have discussed Orientalism and constructed
knowledge through the short story Heart of Darkness. The blatant racism in this novel
was based on constructed racial understanding but not on actual facts.
Next we talked about the racialization of space. This again relates to Global
Studies through Baudrillard’s theory of socialization of space through sex, race and class.
In GS we focused on the gender division of spaces such as washrooms. We also
discussed how breaking these norms can affect different societal outlooks. It was then
discussed that even if a place is categorized by one of these -isms (racism, etc) if a person
acts as though they belong in that space it is likely they won’t be questioned for being
there. I found it interesting to broaden this scope beyond rooms or ideologies to
geography. The separation of potential mortgages for example based on your current geographic residence was an interesting comparison.
March 20 Tutorial Response
A 15 year old girl was being raped by her father for years, he even killed the child
that she bore. Yet she was sentenced to 100 lashed in public for having sex outside of
marriage. The following line is a protest for the government to change the sentencing or
lose precious tourism dollars.
In addition to the print screens of tweets blaming the victims of the high school
rape cases in the USA I have also come across many print screens of people calling for
harsher sentencing for the boys. The following links are a few examples from
ingfave.com, each of them were favourited at least 300 times. This demonstrates that not
everyone is blaming the victim.
This is a photo of a men’s march for women’s right called Walk a Mile in Her Shoes. All
the men wear heals and walk a mile to stop violence against women.
I think a person’s outlook on rape culture depends upon the household they were
raised in. If they see society deeming rape okay or blaming the victim while growing up
it is important for a parent to tell a child that this is unacceptable so they don’t internalize
I also found the quote from the President of Israel to be a very valid comment.
Women shouldn’t be given a curfew to avoid being raped, rather the men doing so should
be give a curfew to stop these incidences.
In Chapter 6 of Bourgois’ book In Search of Respect discusses gang rapes as a
part of street culture. In New York City the gang scene rapes are common occurrence.
They mark domination and a violence of everyday life. An eleven year old boy was
quoted saying he hopes his mother gives birth to a baby brother for him “because girls are
too easy to rape.” Bourgois focuses on how women gaining rights in society and pushing
for equality has changed the typical gender roles causing men to lash out at women. In no
way does he excuse this behaviour or deem it acceptable but attempts to explain the
feelings of losing control men are going through. “Such a blame-the-victim interpretation
not only glorifies the stability of previous patriarchal status quo, but also overly
individualizes the long-term macro-structural transformation in gender relations that is
occurring across the globe, even if that progressive change is bounded by a liberal,
middle-class, and largely Anglo0oriented hegemony.”
Fear and Money in Dubai Article Reflection
In this article Davis notes that Hubbert’s Peak is in the foreseeable future and that
oil prices will rise beyond what they have yet been seen as. I found this theory interesting
and sad when connected to Dr. Shue’s lecture about oil prices and poverty. India’s use of oil money to develop their tourist economy has brought success, with success usually
brings the unwillingness to change. With India’s growing economy