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Final

GG294 Final Exam Review Chapters 21-24.pdf

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Department
Geography
Course
GG394
Professor
Khan Rahaman
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 21 - Urban Tourism Urban tourism: page 471 • “Tourism destined for, and undertaken in towns, cities and urban resort areas.” Types of urban tourist destination: page 477 • Capital Cilities • Metropolitan Centres • Large Historic Cities • Inner City States • Reviatlized WaterfrontAreas • Industrial Cities • Seaside resorts and winter sports restorts • Urbanization and city status: page 477 What are world cities: page 478 • There are 3 Levels 1. Truly global centers such as New York, London and Tokyo 2. Zonal centers: with corporate offices and links to international business flows and transactions 3. Regional centers: which are sites for corporate offices but are not connected to the international business flows Place-marketing and market for urban tourism: page 480-481 Ortuno and Surinach (2002) identified the main groups of urban visitors in terms of: – – Business users – Fairs and congress attendees – Visiting friends and relatives – Vacation travelers Short-break visitors – Figure 21.2: The Elements of Tourism: • Tourism and urban regeneration: page 483 – Regenerating urban activities to attract more tourists! – Urban redevelopment of London Dockland. – The European Year of culture scheme…. (Guimaraes in Portugal 2012) – Olympic games! – World cup soccer in Brazil 2014 – Winter Olympic in Vancouver 2010 Tourist perception and cognition: page 487, figure 21.6 page 488 – How will the tourists know the areas they visit? – How do they find their way around unfamiliar environments? – How do they find their way in unfamiliar environments? – What type of mental maps and images do they develop? Image of the city: page 489 Chapter 22 - Rural Tourism Defining rural areas: page 496 • Anything non-urban: land beyond the Urban Edge • Attempts o outline the elements of the countryside or functions of rural space • Perception and or user-based definitions Murdoc and Marsde (1994) framework of contemporary countryside: page 496 1. The preserved value: antidevelopment and preservation attitudes 2. The Contested Countryside: Farmers and developers have dominate interets 3. The Paternalistic Countryside: development is controlled by landowners 4. The Client List Countryside: Development on state subsidy Conceptualizing rural tourism: page 497 Characteristics of rural tourism: page 499 • Remoteness and solitude • Peace & Quite, relaxing environment • Adventure and challenge • Health and fitness concerns, fresh air • Wildlife and landscapes • Experience of Rural Communities, culture and lifestyles • Achange from everyday urban life Explore historic identities, interests in heritage • Context of rural tourism: figure 22.2 on page 498 Figure 22.3 on page 499 • Impacts of rural tourism: table 22.2 p. 502-503 Sustainable rural tourism: p. 503 • Amore holistic perspective towards rural development • Must be preserved and nurtured because they are, in essence the selling point of the countryside and part of an integrated rural development strategy. Issues in rural tourism management: p. 504 • The Lack of Statistical Base • Rural Communities • Tourism Development Strategies may not benefit all rural areas • Tourism in rural areas is highly dependent on an attractive natural beauty • Table 22.3 on page 507 Contemporary issues in rural tourism: p. 509 • Physical Capital: the Environment • Natural Capital: The Build Environment • Social Capital: Language, Culture, People Lifestyle and Food Chapter 23 - Coastal and Resort Tourism Coastal areas definition: page 514 • Coats are considered as the magnet of tourist attraction • The Three ‘S’are the major attractions: Sun, Sand and Sea Tourism at the coast: page 514 The meeting of land and sea creates BIOLOGICALLY and GEOLOGICALLY • diverse environments as well asATTRACTIVE and UNIQUE LANDSCAPES which may form the basis of tourism. • 20% of the coastling is suffereing from severe impacts due to erosion Attraction of the coast: page 516 • NATURAL: landscape of cliffs, beaches, open sea, estuaries and the sky • STRUCTURAL: the townscape, architecture, and tourest related features • PSYCHOLOGICAL: the meanings and values attached to the natural and built envrionments which give a sense of place Coastal resort development: page 518 • There are 6 stages 1. very little settlements then the road develops 2. now many people are coming to this new settlement 3. Hotels are arriving, services to the tourists but it is a little farther from the settlement because they was to retain the culture 4. eventually tourists want to mix with the locals so they build in the settlement 5. gets bigger 6. everywhere This would bring environmental damage and there would be competition among the hotels without consideration for the locals Would improve the Economy Figure 23.2 and 23.3 on page 518 and 519 Impacts of coastal tourism: page 523 • Environmental issues • Loss of habitat, ecosystem, coastal land (erosion) • Damage of mangrove forests
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