HI112- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 26 pages long!)

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12 Oct 2017
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HI112
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 1: Introduction to the Historian's Craft
1. What is History?
o the past itself (i.e. what happened)
o the product created when we study the past (i.e. our interpretations of the past)
2. Objective or Subjective?
o Leopold van Ranke: "how it really was"; historical truth
o fact as interpretation
o Historiography: the study of historical writing; the name given to the body of
literature or collections of interpretations on a given historical topic (e.g. the
historiography of the Conquest)
3. Canadian History
o why study it?
o significance of National History
o texts, narratives, and origins
Lecture 2: The Resettlement of Western Canada
1. "Go West"
o Macdonald's National Policy (high tariff, railway, resettlement of west)
o North West Mounted Police, 1873/1874 to Ft. Whoop-Up and Ft. Edmonton
o Dominion Lands Act, 1872
$10 registration fee, 3-year residence, permanent dwelling, 30 acres
under cultivation
2. Canada's Prairie First Nations
o the federal "numbered" treaties 1-7 (1871-1877)
o annuities, reserves, and liberty to hunt on Crown lands
o famine aid, medicine chest
o Indian Act 1876, Department of Indian Affairs (DIA) 1880
3. Detribalization
o policy of the bible and the plough
o liquor ban
o residential schools
o religious or cultural prohibitions
o pass system
4. What about Indigenous policy in British Columbia?
o Governor James Douglas's "Indian" Policy and the "treaties" on Vancouver Island
1850-54: 14 "purchases" (Douglas treaties, Ft. Victoria treaties,
Vancouver Island treaties), 3% of island or 358 sq. miles near Ft. Victoria,
Nanaimo, Ft. Rupert
significance: recognized Aboriginal land title but no real formula to
extinguishment of that title and Aboriginal lands remain "held in trust"
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(ie. Indian reserves negotiated through these 14 treaties remain in Indian
title, but are "supervised" by the Crown; reverts to Crown land in 1871)
o Rewriting History: Joseph Trutch, 1864-1871
o What happens when BC joins Confederation in 1871? Term 13; 80% of
population has no say, cannot homestead; reserves laid out without treaties
(except Treaty 8 in northeast)
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