HI121 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide -

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20 Nov 2018
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Books needed:
When China ruled the seas
Patterns of World History Volume 1
Lecture 1
The word the world refers to the age of man, or heavens and mankind
The world images such as maps
World images are how we envision the world
We should see maps as historical and geographical contexts
Maps and what the world looks like has been influenced by western Europe
Maps + history
We divide the world in continents
Ancient Europeans made Europe on all their maps much larger to make them look
better
Mercator Projection:
Gerardus Mercator
His maps of the world were shown as the most accurate map
His map is a few random counties
His map was western centralized view of the world
All the geat iilizatios ae afte the th paallel ecept Europe
The 40 parallel is where the Mercator projection starts going off track
World map (1922):
The map is now split where Europe is off to the side and the Americas are the middle of
the world
This map shows who the map was made by because it makes the Americas seem so
much greater than they are
To understand the world, to understand history of the world we need to face the world
as it is
Histoias ae alas tig to da shap lies etee outies ad otiets...ut
why?
Because of language, religion and culture
People moved greatly throughout the world
Mogolia as ipotat ut fo hatee easo people dot stud thei histo ee
though they greatly influenced the world history
Every civilization viewed their country as the middle of the world
China literally means the centre of the kingdom aka the middle of the world
Muslims, Buddhist and other religions all made maps based off their religions and their
gods, so for example wherever their religion was formed was always the centre of the
world
Horizontal integration and vertical integration
It shows and helps people understand how to look at history
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Problems with doing horizontal integration: doest oe sigifiae, had to
patterns, different civilizations were developed at diffeet ties so ou at see
elatioships foed, at see he soethig stated o eded pefetl
Poles ith etial itegatio: had to deteie sigifiat eets ad hat ist.
Problem of periodization: BC and AD (anno domini)
Problems with periodization: vastly European approach, because of Christianity every
1000 years they expected something awesome to happen, but what happens with other
countries with different numbers?
Discovering patterns is what historians do
age of divergence and age of convergence, before year 1000 was dominated by
divergence and after the age of convergence
They developed their cultures and language systems in the age of divergence
But somewhere in the year 1000 this rise of empires, and people forming groups of
religion, language and common interests then it was the age of convergence
A thousad eas ago thee as , to , laguages i use, ut toda its ,-
7,000. Linguists expect more languages to die by the end of the 21st century
Studying world history is more than studying just the major events, or the interaction
between countries
DO NOT GENERALIZE (you miss stuff in between)
The bigger events are the outside of the cup but the stuff we really want to see is the
stuff inside
Learning about world history is honouring the people who have died
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Document Summary

Learning about world history is honouring the people who have died. Intelligent designer: creating god the intelligent creator: but there are problems with us as well, some have problems with us, either mentally, ph(cid:455)si(cid:272)all(cid:455) a(cid:374)d e(cid:373)otio(cid:374)all(cid:455). Darwin and his theory: darwin talked a lot about design, he accepted that humans are a design. People with disabilities would not get a certificate (cid:271)e(cid:272)ause the(cid:455) (cid:374)eeded to (cid:271)e (cid:862)pe(cid:396)fe(cid:272)t(cid:863) Is it human community that makes us human: what does it mean to be natural, natural vs unnatural, naturalization, through the process of naturalization democracy is now more natural than monarchy. Lecture 3: managing the water: chinese were the first people to discover that you need to boil water before you can drink it (4000 years ago) I(cid:374) the mesopota(cid:373)ia(cid:374) sto(cid:396)(cid:455) (cid:373)ultiple god(cid:859)s su(cid:396)(cid:448)i(cid:448)ed, (cid:449)he(cid:396)eas i(cid:374) If you just rely on rain you will not have enough water for civilization.

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