HI127- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)

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28 Mar 2018
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HI127
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Pirates
Introduction
- Charles Johnson wrote articles about pirates
- Info retrieved by Johnson from newspapers reported on pirates, he talked to other
people, but did not have first hand experience with pirates
- Blackbeard may have looked scary
- Johnson focused on raw details of murders involved with pirates, focussed on
evilness of pirates
- Blackbeard was like an incarnation of evil
- Angus Konstam said pirates looked at as deadly, violent
- Marcus Redicker liked pirates and thought that they were fighting against a higher
hierarchy system, and that they were democratic and shared equalist qualities
- Privateer: a pirate licensed by the government to attack and plunder ships from
other enemies
- Lette o aue: a piatees otat ith the goeet
- Buccaneers: English, Dutch, or French raiders who preyed on the Spanish during 17th
century
- Filibuster: French word for buccaneer
- Swashbuckler: 20th century term for pirate in literature and film
- Pirate: someone who robs from others at sea and acts beyond the law
- Pirates are loyal to no one and loyal to no nation
Ancient Pirates
Egypt
- New kingdom (1340 BCE): Lukkans raid Cyprus
- Allied with the Hittite empire
Sea People
- From Mediterranean (1220-1186 BCE) were sea bearing tribes that threatened Egypt
- Believed to be somewhat responsible for the collapse of the Bronze age and the
empire surrounding Egypt
- 1120-1186 BCE: Pharoah Rameses II vs Sea Peoples Medinet Habu bas relief,
Egyptians had better ships and defeated Sea Peoples
Roman Republic (509-27 BCE)
- 133-67 BCE: Cilician pirate attacks
- 190 BCE: Romans defeated Seleucid Empire due to power struggle
- 188-138 BCE: Tryphon recruited Cilicians as privateers to defeat Romans, but failed
at first
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- 102-100 BCE: Romans colonize Cilicia to stop piracy
- 75 BCE: Julius Caesar was captured by Cilician pirates and taken hostage, but he
talked his way out of hostage situation
- Caesar goes back and tries to capture pirates who captured him, and decides to
execute them all
- 67 BCE: Pompey the Great has permission to defeat the Cilicians and he rids the
surrounding seas of pirates
- Pompey offered pirates to either be executed or to be part of the Roman empire,
and many decided to join Roman republic, and were awarded land to prevent their
pirate behaviour
- 67 BCE is important as that is when piracy started to weaken for some time
- 44 BCE: Cicero says pirates are common enemies of all mankind
- 1720: Joseph Laws (Trinidad) says pirates are common enemies to all nations
Vikings
- Originated from the word Saewicingas
- Nationalism and history
- Vikings were believed to be people who burned down churches and were filthy
- Traditional vs revisionist narratives tades, ot aides)
- Vikings raided due to overpopulation, lack of arable land, for wealth (importance of
trading centres), political determinism
-
The Dragonships
- “adiaia as shipuildes la
- Different ship types are Drekar, Skeid, Snekkja
- Larger ships could move more men and therefore carried larger military operations
Hosts of the Heathen: England
- 793: attack on Lindisfarne
- 801, 802: attacks on Iona (Cellach)
- 865: Great Army led by Vikings from Scandinavia and Denmark
- Danegeld was a tax payed to Vikings to help protect the land from being ravaged
from Danish invaders
- Alfed The Geat Wesse as Eglads leader and defended his land from Vikings
- Danelaw was a body of laws that were performed and followed in England
established by Danish invaders
Slaves and Ship Camps: Ireland
- Ireland was where a lot of slave raids occurred
- Longphorts were Viking enclosures or forts (Dublin and Lind Duachaill in 841)
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Document Summary

Info retrieved by johnson from newspapers reported on pirates, he talked to other people, but did not have first hand experience with pirates. Johnson focused on raw details of murders involved with pirates, focussed on evilness of pirates. Blackbeard was like an incarnation of evil. Angus konstam said pirates looked at as deadly, violent. Marcus redicker liked pirates and thought that they were fighting against a higher hierarchy system, and that they were democratic and shared equalist qualities. Privateer: a pirate licensed by the government to attack and plunder ships from other enemies. Lette(cid:396) o(cid:396) (cid:373)a(cid:396)(cid:395)ue: a p(cid:396)i(cid:448)atee(cid:396)(cid:859)s (cid:272)o(cid:374)t(cid:396)a(cid:272)t (cid:449)ith the go(cid:448)e(cid:396)(cid:374)(cid:373)e(cid:374)t. Buccaneers: english, dutch, or french raiders who preyed on the spanish during 17th century. Swashbuckler: 20th century term for pirate in literature and film. Pirate: someone who robs from others at sea and acts beyond the law. Pirates are loyal to no one and loyal to no nation. New kingdom (1340 bce): lukkans raid cyprus.

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