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PP111 Notes

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Philosophy Notes up to MidtermConstancy and FluxTheseus Ship Is the ship in which Theseus arrives at his destination the same ship on which he departed No Theyre not the same ship Something cant change and still be the sameRationale 1 Nothing can change without becoming different than it was 2 But different and same are opposites 3 Therefore nothing can change and still be the same Yes They are the Same Ship Rationale 1 Some changes are so small or insignificant that they dont prevent it from being the same object after it changes Make the daily changes that small or insignificant 2 Then the ship on Day 1 Day 2And the ship on Day 2 Day 3And the ship on Day 3 Day 4 3 Identity is transitive ie if AB and BC then AC 4 So the ship on Day 1 ship on Day nVisualizing the Rationale Day 1 Day 2 Day 2 Day 3 Day 1 Day 3 Day 3 Day 4 Day 1 Day 4 Day 4 Day 5 Day 1 Day 5 And so on until Day 1Day nThe views of Change and Sameness 1 The cannot be reconciled if an object changes then it becomes different in some way then it isnt the same object 2 They can be reconciled Some changes in an object can be so insignificant that they do not prevent it from being the same object after it has undergone such changes Now if it should become different by one hair in 10000 years it will all perish in all of time Melissus pg 26 All change is really destruction and creation so nothing persists through change The Early Materialists The Flux Thales 625545 BCE Heraclitus 535475 BCEOnly matter Earth Air Water and Fire and what is composed of matter exists
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