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Final

PP233 Final: final exam notes
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PP233
Professor
Gary Foster

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Exam notes Monday, April 17, 2017 7:20 AM Sartre : IN ITSELF AND FOR ITSELF - he believes sexual desire is not merely the desire for orgasm or for procreation -but rather a more basic desire to be completed, or simply a desire TO BE. Basically we want to be God; a being who is both free like a subject and complete like an object- obviously an impossible goal, but gives us meaning and motivation • According to sartre, it is our life task to create a self • BEING IN ITSELF • Object • Unconscious being • Act of existing has characteristics of completeness (chair, desk) • All things non-human/living? • Two types of being: 1. conscious thought 2. ability to reflect upon and be aware of oneself and ones identity. • BEING FOR ITSELF • Subject • Conscious being • Being of mankind • Conscious awareness of the self • Experience the vertigo of its own body >> conscious of its own consciousness but still incomplete. EX. OF THE IDEA OF BEING IN ITSELF FOR ITSELF GOD : Wanting to be both free like a subject ad complete like an object. • • Striving towards being that ideal in that striving, we find meaning in life • In that pursuit we find meaning, and the experiences we encounter in that pursuit. • Sexual desire aims at incarnation, embodiment, experience of consciousness of body. • We want both yourself, and the other to experience each other in terms of consciousness and our bodily being FUNDAMENTAL PROJECT: The process to being God (aspect of for itself) What does he mean by the the fundamental project? • Project of becoming a self - project of being : original project • Something we can never complete, always incomplete. • Humans don’t possess completeness that objects have • Always In the process of becoming something • Can never be fully characterized as being complerete • Desire drives us to be complete THE LOOK - characterizatio? • The visual role incomig to uderstand myself and others through sexual desire • Phenomenoenalogical experience • Refers to be myself, I either see the other person as an object or I become an object to them • If I am seeing the other person as an object, I am seeig their eyes as empirical objects. • When I experiances the look for someone, I am not only experiancing the eyes but I am experiancig myself ad an object for the other. Reveals two things to me : • Another subject exist • I am an object for others or I have an objective side to myself/being What is the Goal of Sexual Desire? • I experience another's free subjectivity by my subjectivity for them • We desire conscious desire • Not only aiming at the other person as a body, an embodied consciousness. RELATIONSHIPS OF CONSCIOUS AND BODY • GOAL: to experience ourselves as an object and subject by way of the other. WHAT ROLE DOES THE CARRESS PLAY: • It is the attempt at communicating sexual desire • The experience of the caress is making the other person desire me as I desire them • Mutual experience of contact between two people, want myself in the same way. WHY ARE THESE PERVERSIONS: Sadism, Masochism, Threesomes, Shoefetishisms, Voyeurism. • Acts that deviate from formality may be considered as sexual perversions as the central motive. • SADISM: reducing someone to an object • Masochism: when someone makes you the object • Voyeurism: does not require any recognition by his Object at all, subject is not participating In sexual activity with the object. • RETIFISM: if an object is not alive, the experience is reduced to an awareness of ones own embodiemet. NAGLE: sexual perversion is a psychological concern rather than a pysiological concern. • Must express unnatural sexual preference. FOUCAULT : ARS EROTICA VS SCIENTIA SEXUALIS • Ars erotica : sex as an artform, sex in terms of an erotic event. • Scientia sexualis: viewing sex in terms of science in which we gain our understanding. SYMPOSIUM : • Aristophanes view: love is expressed in that desire to be returned with ones other half • There were once three types of human beings; male, female, and androgynous: a form of both male and female elements together. • The desire to love eachother is born into every human being In attempt to make one out of two, and heal the wounds of nature. • Each of us is a matching half of a human while alays seeking the half that matches us. Socrates' speech: Report of diotema: asks is love such as to be a love of somethig or othing - a thing that desires, desires something of whic
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