Modern democracy is rule by many, characterized by leadership selection through elections,
constitutionalism, and the rule of law.
Guillermo O‟Donnell sees modern democracy as the reference point for hope: people see the
potential in democracy. O‟Donnell shows that democracy is an ECC and that all democracies fail
to meet basic human rights on some level. Democracy is based on the ideal of rule by the people.
Liberal, representative democracy provides citizens with indirect control of laws and policies
through the election of persons and parties to make decisions on their behalf. By providing
political freedoms, individuals can express their views, organize to influence the laws and
policies of government, and have a free choice in elections.
Liberal democracy provides a way of combining freedom with some degree of equality. Modern