Authority is the stream of study that locates power in institutions and value systems. It
emphasizes the idea of power as authority, rather than as force. Governments secure obedience
from the governed (without coercion or bribery) because the governed accepts that it is
legitimate for certain people to have more power than others. Authority is socially approved
power. Authority leads to control.
Maximilian Weber (1864-1920)
He described three basic types of authority, each of which could try to establish legitimacy in its
Charismatic Authority: is based on the personal qualities of the leader. These qualities might
include exhibiting extraordinary or supernatural qualities through such means as performing
miracles, issuing prophecies, or leading a military victory. Charismatic leaders have inspired
intense devotion in their followers.
“Authority of personal confidence, heroism, leadership”
Traditional Authority: is based on customs that establish the right of certain persons to rule. The
traditional authority of monarchs who inherited their position came with the idea that rulers had a
divinely created rig