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PS101 Study Guide - Final Guide: Biosocial Theory, Fluoxetine, Outline Of Object RecognitionPremium

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Lawrence Murphy
Study Guide

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Introduction to Psychology I
Fall 2017
Final Exam
Professor: Lawrence Murphy
Exam Guide

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Ch. 1: History of Psych
Ch 2 & App B: Research & Stats
Ch 3: Neuroscience (the neuron, parts of the brain, consciousness, sleep, drugs)
Ch 6: Consciousness
Ch 7: Learning (learning, classical conditioning)
Ch 12: Personality
Ch 15: Psychological Disorders (anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia)
Ch 16: Treatment of Psychological Disorders (behaviour therapies)
Ch. 1: History of Psych
What is Psychology?
Psychology = the scientific study of mental processes and behaviour (what does the
evidence say people are)
Mental processes = activities of our brain when engaged in thinking, observing, and
using languages
Behaviour = observable activities (something a third person can observe from the
Psychology’s Roots in Psychophysics
Psychophysics = the study of the relationship between physical stimuli and their
psychological effects
Pioneered by Johannes Muller in the 1800’s
Herman von Helmholtz - measured the speed of neural impulses
Exam Guide Covers the Following Topics:

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Gustav Fechner - one of the founders of experimental psychology and very
focused on doing this process scientifically; showed how mental events can be
The Early Days of Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
Opened the first psychology lab in 1879 in Leipzig, Germany
Receives credit for sparking the beginning of psychology
Made psychology a science by adding:
Carefully measure observations
Wundt studied consciousness (of what you are aware of, in this moment):
This displays the difference in time that take place between the time it takes to do
something vs. the time it took to think about doing something
G. Stanley Hall:
1883 - established the first psychology lab in North America (in John Hopkins
1887 - launched America’s first psychology journal (where an individual could
report their findings)
1892 - major player in establishing the American Psychological Association (APA)
James Mark Baldwin:
1890 - established the first psychology lab in Canada at the University of Toronto
(however, psychology courses would have been offered in Canada prior to the
opening of this lab)
Sample Questions
1. Which of the following is correctly matched with their contribution?
a. Rene Descartes - considered the father of experimental psychology
b. Francis Bacon - established and popularized the scientific method
c. Gustav Fechner - was the first to measure the speed of a nerve impulse
d. Hermann von Helmholtz - believed the mind was a blank state at birth and we
learned through experience
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