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PS280 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Personality Test


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS280
Professor
Kathy Foxall
Study Guide
Quiz

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Classification and Assessment
Psychologists have special training in assessment
Why assess?
to gather information needed to make a diagnosis
to gather information to determine if special intervention is required (e.g. need
special education)
To determine if treatment needed, and if so what kind?
For legal purposes, insurance, custody issues, criminal matters
to contribute to our knowledge and treatment of disorders
to allow for communication amongst professionals
The Assessment of Abnormal Behaviour
Observations
observe person in natural environment or in a clinical setting
Obtain reports from other people, teachers, parents, spouse, employer
observers must check the validity of their own interpretations of the patient’s
behaviours
observers must try to minimize the impact of their observations on the patient’s
behaviours
can be highly structured and specific
omay be less formal and specific
Interviews
essential
Takes many forms:
1) unstructured, open format (but leads to collection of information that may be
incomplete)
2) structured – e.g. SID-P (structured interview for DSM-IV personality disorders)
ouses a branching decision tree approach; person’s answers determine what
questions you ask; word for word
oComposite International Diagnostic Interview – enable a trained
interviewer to arrive at a diagnosis
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oMental status examination – determine in a general way a client’s
cognitive, psychological and behavioural functioning
Psychological Tests and Inventories
Personality tests
utilize because interviews have limitations
people may not be able to give the information that is needed to make a
diagnosis; may not know how to describe their feelings and symptoms
might feel embarrassed to be truthful
One test = just one piece of the puzzle
Projective tests
Assumptions of projective testing - little structure, people impose own hopes,
dreams, worries, fears, ways of thinking, etc. onto the stimulus
Test taker is presented with ambiguous stimuli, such as inkblots, pictures, or
incomplete sentences, and asked to respond to them in some way
goal of projective testing is to get a multifaceted view of the total functioning
person
owhat they see in the blots
owhat characteristics of the blots make them see that
Rorschach (Roar-shack) - 10 cards
Ink blots, what this might be, what makes it look that way
general intelligence, thinking style
depression, anxiety, emotional turmoil
psychosis
reliable if scored systematically; Exner scoring
people not aware of what they are giving away
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Henry Murray, 1935
30 picture cards
make up a story, predict what will happen next
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