PS381- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 59 pages long!)

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PS381
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PS381: Intro to Clinical Psychology 1/6/2015 9:52:00 PM
Field of Clinical Psychology
Integrates science, theory, and practice
Helps to understand alleviate discomfort and dysfunction
Promotes human adaptation, adjustment, and personal
developmental
Mental health (WHO, 2007)
o State of well-being where every individual realizes his/her
own potential, cope with the normal stresses of life, can work
productively and fruitfully
Why is clinical psychology important?
About half of mental disorders begin before age 14
Worldwide 800 000 people commit suicide every year
Worldwide hundred of millions suffer from mental disorders
Mostly undiagnosed or misdiagnosed
Canadian economy loses $14.4 billion annually due to mental
disorders in the workplace WHO, 2007
Training programs:
1. Coursework:
standard set of courses aimed to provide an understanding of the
basics
o psychopathology abnormal psych
o measurement
o assessment
o ethics
o statistics
also advanced clinical coursework that focuses on more in depth
subjects of interest
2. Practicuum work
learning through clinical practica, or exposure to clinical work and
practical applications of skills
series that are part of the core of the program
3. Research
courses in statistics, research methodology, and conducting
research
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most programs require master’s thesis
programs require an intensive original research project, a
dissertation to receive a doctorate
o contributes significant new information to the field
o most dissertations are traditional experimental or
correlational research
4. Qualifying Exam
usually written and sometimes oral examinations in the third year
of graduate school covering either all of psychology or just clinical
5. Internship
usually comes at the end of the graduate training
allows students to gain experience working in a professional
setting; full year in hospital
exposes students to professionals who may have different ideas and
theoretical orientations than those encountered at the university
stimulates ideas for future research projects
Clinical Training Models **
1. Scientist-practitioner model (Boulder, 1949)
predominant training philosophy
attempt to “marry” science and clinical practice, and it remains the
most popular training model for clinical psychologists
split between research and the ability to observe a client and treat
them
students acquire research competence by contributing to ongoing
studies and eventually conducting their own original research
project
integrates the role of scientist with practitioner
balance theory and practical skills
roots clinical skills in practice with academia and research
conference in Boulder, Colorado is where this model was born
Program at UWO and Windsor
In order for a clinical psychologist to produce solid, meaningful
research, they must keep their clinical sensitivity and skills honed y
continuing to see patients. This is the same for practitioners as they
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