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Psychology Day 2.docx

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Lawrence Murphy

Psychology Day 2:  Do the quick quizzes out of the textbook Chapter 1: What is Psychology?  Psychology the discipline concerned with behaviour and mental processes and how they are affected by and organism’s physical state and mental state and external environment  So feelings about a movie are mental and crying about it is behaviour  Being effected by your environment is like swearing at a party and not at church  Empirical- evidence gathered by careful observation, experimentation or measurement  Therefore psychology requires evidence proof and research  The difference between psychobabble and empirical psychology is that empirical psychology is based on research and the repetition of experiments whereas psychobabble confirms unsupported popular opinion.  Critical Thinking- The ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgements on the basis of well-supported reasons and evidence rather than emotion or anecdote  Basically asses things with an open mind and based off of evidence and research rather than personal opinions  Example: Smoking doesn’t cause illness because my grandfather lived until 100 and died in a car crash when research shows with the masses this is untrue  Critical Thinking Guidelines: o Ask Questions o Define your terms- know what you’re talking about and what it means o Examine the evidence o Analyze assumptions and biases o Avoid emotional reasoning o Do not oversimplify o Consider other interpretations o Tolerate uncertainty Psychology’s Past  Did not rely on empirical methods or evidence  Example- Phrenology  Phrenology- a discredited theory that different brain areas account for specific personality traits which were read by bumps on the skull  This is a very good example of psychobabble Birth of Psychology  Established by Wilhelm Wundt who created the first psychology lab in 1879 at the university of Lezpig Structuralism  Early approach that emphasized the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements (Wundt)  Interested in what happens  Introspection- Observe analyze and describe your own sensations mental images and emotional reactions  This was flawed because everyone had different experiences Functionalism  Early approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behaviour and consciousness (james and Darwin)  Interested in how and why things happened  Functionalists broadened the field of psychology to include the study of children animal religious experiences and stream of consciousness.  They took psychology beyond reflecting and began research which included the revolution of animals and finding similarities between ourselves and other creatures of the animal kingdom. Psychoanalysis  A theory of personality and a method of therapy (Freud)  Physical symptoms due to emotional trauma or conflicts from early childhood  Usually sex and violence  The idea that childhood molds us into adults  Emphasized subconscious motives and desires (sex
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