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Midterm

Midterm #2 Study Guide A study guide for the second test on November 18th, 2010. Including all of chapters 5 and 12 lecture material and textbook notes.

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS101
Professor
Don Morgenson
Semester
Fall

Description
Psych Study GuideMidterm 2 thNEXT MIDTERM November 18 chapters 5 1217 questions chapter 5 33 questions chapter 12 ConsciousnessNear Death Experiences are common altered state of consciousness Extremely complexSoulreligious guiding spiritHallucinogenic under stress brain releases chemicals as hallucinationIncomplete Sensory Informationbrain breaks down info incorrect tries to determine what is real faulty info to brain We need rest in our 24hr day daily rhythm Circadian rhythmsfundamental to interpreting stream of consciousness Fluctuation in bodys internal hormonal systems at night thus diseaseattacks at nightChronobiologystudy of these rhythms and how they affect disease Hypothalamus is emotional control board of the bodySuprachiasmatic Nucleimore melatonin causes drowsyness At daybreak pineal gland no longer has to produce melatonin therefore wake up Regulating mechanisms of circadian rhythms in hypothalamusAverage young adult needs 103 hours a night 4am is heartattacks 4pm is suicidalStages of Sleep Stage 1hallucination sensory experience feeling of falling 2 mins Stage 2relaxtion 20 minsStage 3Transitional stage Stage 4deep sleep sleepwalkingtalking 2 hours Chemicals out of hippocampus where memories are stored into cortex 4 hoursCortex sorts and fixes and classifies information Distributes newly learned material into appropriate categories Last 2 hourshippocampus shuts off from cortex brain rehearses what is importantStage 5REM rapid eye movement sleep dream sleep sexual arousal Phase advance of circadian rhythms going forward east phase delay going back in time west Must sleep after intellectual exertion need for REM sleep increases after strenuous intellectual or physical activity Snack before bedtime not full meal Regular exercise helps sleepRelaxation techniques conditioning15 of normal population complains of insomnia Things that upset us cause transient insomnia Conditioned insomniaanxiety about not sleeping causes less sleep Psychiatric insomniaresult of some psych disorder anxietydepressionetcPhysiological insomniabiological disorder physical complaint arthritic pain dementia Subjective insomniahad a good night sleep but said they havent not consciously lying1 Sleep Apneapossibly related to SIDS jerk awake because oxygen level is low and CO2 level is high Wakes up 400 times per night 6 of population only 15 of people aware that they suffer from apnea Obstructive apneasoft tissues in throat stop air passage Central Apneacortical centres in brain havent sent signal to respiratory muscles to breathe Mixed Apneacombination of central and obstructive Dreamsin some societies if someone has a dream it is said to be an extension of their real liveshave lead to some fantastic creative achievementshave had a dramatic influence on almost every aspect of our historymost rich dreams occur largely during REM REM referred to as dream sleep77 have dreams involving sexual experiences 75 have dreams about being attacked 49 have dreams regarding snakes 24 dream of killing someonegenerally reflect what happened to you in the past 24 hours often narcissistic Manifest contentwhat you remember from a dream Latent contentwhat the dream really meansFreud referred to this as dream work only you can determine the precise nature and meaning of your dreams Why Do We Dream 1 information processingbrain sorts our memories during dreams we consolidate the days important memoriesneuro activity from the paleo cortical centers may be part of the brains attempt to make sense out of random bursts 2 physiological theory 3 problem solving theoryas we struggle with our dreams we are trying to find a solution for problems that bother us during the daysimply dreaming about problems does not mean we are dreaming of solutions Freud argues dreams represent deep seeded wish fulfillment wish that can be fulfilled as a safety valveHypnotismAnton Mesmerheal difficulties by appealing to animal magnetism Faith doesnt have curative powers but has power placeboHypnotizable if you have 1absorptionhighly focused capable of ignoring peripheral stimuli2 dissociation total stream of consciousness split off eg Listening and doodling 3 suggestibility to what extent do u follow orders obedience lead to anaesthesia helped with acute and chronic pain sensory distortions hallucinatory experiencedisinhibitionpeople do things they wouldnt normally do bark like a dog but difficult go against morals Posthypnotic amnesia you will remember nothingIs it truly an altered state EKGs remain constant Doesnt appear quantifiably 2
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