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Wilfrid Laurier University
Christopher Anderson

-greatest contribution to psych: innovative treatments for psychological problems and disorders -James Mark Baldwin: established first experimental lab in Canada -applied psychology: the branch of psych concerned with everyday, practical problems -clinical psychology: branch of psych concerned with diagnosis/treatment of psychological problems and disorders, professionalization -WWll, clinics to treat soldiers suffering from trauma- -today, psychologists showing renewed interest in cognition (the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge- thinking or conscious experience) and the physiological bases of behaviour -Donald Hebb: highlighted the importance of physiological and neuropsychological perspectives -the locus of behaviour in the brain, cell assembly, repeated stimulation leads to development of cell assemblies facilitating behaviour -cross-cultural research= costly, difficult, time-consuming (easier to use middle-class white students enrolled in their schools), may foster stereotypes of various cultural groups, ethnocentrism (the tendency to view one’s own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways) -Evolutionary psychology examines behavioural processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations -natural selection favours behaviours that enhance organism’s reproductive success -Positive psychology (Martin Seligman): uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence -study of positive subjective experiences (emotions) -positive individual traits (personal strengths and virtues) -positive institutions and communities (how societies can foster civil discourse, strong families) -criticized as oversimplification, “a come-and-go fad” -Psychology= the science that studies behaviour and the physiological and the cognitive processes that underlie it, and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems. -contemporary psychology: 1. Private practice 2. Colleges/universities 3. Hospitals and clinics 7 major areas in modern psychology (in order): 1. Developmental psychology (focused primarily on child development) 2. Social psychology (interpersonal behaviour and the role of social forces in governing behaviour)
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