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Midterm

Ps271 Study notes for midterm, summary of all lectures

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS271
Professor
Colleen Loomis
Semester
Winter

Description
Study notes: personality midterm 1 Units of analysis: 1. Trait: disposition, in comparison to others, judged on a continuum 2. Type: collection of traits 3. System: organizational structure, can be integrated or conflicted Tools: theory, research, assessment, therapeutic approaches Barnum effect: tendency for people to read vague statements as descriptive of their unique personalities Boyce & Geller: used Barnum effect to increase students’ belief in graphology, taught them to better analyze sources of information Norenzayan and Heine: ways to define universals -generalizability across two cultures: if two very different cultures show one similar trait -triangulation: generalizing over 3 cultures, one varies along one dimension and the other along another, may help explain differences found -cross-cultural study: wide array of cultures, even cross-species -accessibility of universal: amount of population that does this -functionality of universal: amount to which it is used in the same way -existential universality: available in all adults Whorf hypothesis: language shapes how we see the world Feeney and
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