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Religion & Culture
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Chris Klassen

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RE100 October 12 2012th Pentecostalism/Charismatic movement: - Pentecostalism starts happening in different Christian denominations - In Pentecostalism, experiences are key - There are charismatic movements within other denominations - Pentecostalism comes from an event: the Pentecost - Pentecost was a time in the early Christian church when people had come together, and the holy spirit was poured upon them - The Pentecostal movement is about experiencing this again in a modern context - They pray to god to bring it back - Speaking in tongues shows that you have been blessed by the language of the angels - Agnes Ozman is known as the first one to experience this in the Americas - She was part of the holiness movement, they thrived for perfection - They want to become pure so that God can give them that power - She wanted to ask the holy spirit to anoint her and give her the gift of speaking in tongues - Her minister and her prayed for this - She received the gift of speaking the language of the angels on January 1 of 1901t - Everyone wanted this after, wanted to be atherfect , sinless being - This movement begins in the early 20 century that incorporates both black and white Christians in the US - They have both African and European influences - This movement was very appealing to African people because of the spirit possession of the bodies like in their religion - European view of the apocalypse - Azusa Street Revival (1905) by William J. Seymour (minister who was son of slaves, he was also given the gift of tongues) o This movement began in this building o Started with a dozen people, mostly black o But in a very short time, it became a mixed black and white community o Within a month, 800 people came to services o It spread out to 50 countries o Very fast growing movement o Pentecostal churches started o Very experiential, very popular, it bridged the black and whites in America o By the 1920s, it starts to segregate - Fundamentalism is a protestant Christian movement that develops in the early 1920s - The Fundamentals were pamphlets written between 1910 and 1915 - Publish by Milton and Lyman Steward, they want to bring back the fundamentals in Christianity - They don’t like the modernization of it - Science and religion are two separate sources of knowledge - Religious scriptures are not meant to tell the truth about nature/science - Milton and Lyman Steward were not satisfied with this approach^ - The first fundamental is the inherency of the bible (there are no mistakes in the bible – nothing in the bible is untrue) - This is a reformation of the importance of scripture - Although not always read literally, it is mostly always literal (the bible) - These texts are the word of god, and they are true in any context - There is no allowance in Fundamentalism to understand the historical context - They belief in the virgin birth and the deity of Jesus Christ - Jesus is god - Liberal Christians don’t like miracles, they say Jesus was just a good guy - But Fundamentalists say NO it’s a miracle and Jesus is God - Jesus is killed and he goes to hell because he carries everyone’s sin, and then in hell he overcomes Satan and comes back to life to tell his story to his disciples and then he goes to heaven with his dad - He took all of humanity’s sins, so people who accept this think they can’t go to hell for their sins - Liberal Christians looked at this as Jesus had a message that people didn’t like so he was killed, not to be a sacrifice to go to hell and come back, but he was just not accepted - The fourth fundamental is the bodily resurrection of Jesus - For fundamentalists think Jesus as god and as human was resurrected, so they think human will be resurrected. That we will be resurrected in bodily form, and we’ll go live in God’s kingdom - They think Jesus can come back at anytime, so we need to be ready and make sure everybody else is too - The end of time could be any moment, when Jesus will come to us - ‘’Are you ready?’’ - Fundamentalists are very vocal about the ‘’burning in hell’’ - They try to work on the fear factor so people convert - They don’t want anyone to be left behind - This movement (Christian fundamentalism) grew a lot in the USA, but also gained a negative reputation, especially in the 1930s when there was a trial called the scopes trial - There was a teacher who taught evolution in a public school, but the state did not allow this (southern state) - The state took the guy, Scopes, to court - This was a huge media sensation - Scopes lost, but the public across the USA came to view the fundamentalists behind this as a backward institution who don’t accept science - After this, Fundamentalists kept to themselves until the late 20 centuryh - Then they began getting invo
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