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Midterm

SY280 midterm.doc

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SY280
Professor
Linda Quirke

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Description
Positivism & Interpretism actions is interested in of interest, and 3. relational · P affirms the importance of Verstehen(Weber) statements (either deterministic- following the natural sciences (1. Empiricism two variables go together all the Only phen confirmed by the · Only thing you can time) or probabilistic (two senses can be accepted as recognize are experiences variables go together w some knowledge 2.Akey purpose of through senses degree of regularity) theory is to generate hypothesis · You have a theory, go out · There are different types of that can be tested and allow for and test it and then observe and theories- Grand theories explanations 3. Knowledge can through deriving facts you’re (feminism) middle range theories be arrived at through induction 4. able to create laws · R. Merton- soc needs more Science must be conducted in a · Objectivist- maintain that manageable theories(middle way that is value free- there is such a thing as social range theories) (Durkheim’s objectivity/ intersubjectivity 5. reality and that it is the job of theory of suicide) There is a clear distinction social scientists to discover what · Middle range has limited between scientific statements that reality is and organizations domain, but is easier to explain which describe how and why represent a social order in that it Approaches to Research social phenomena operate the exerts pressure on individuals to · Deduction(friend of way they do, and normative conform to requirements positivism) theories of data statements that outline whether · Constructionist (Nietz) no collection often quantitative, certain acts or social conditions facts, only interpretations most common, starts with are morally acceptable) is Theory and Research coming up with a theory, then interested in social laws, testing · Theory- explanation of research theories observed regularities or patterns. · Induction- · I maintains that it is the · There are components of observations/data collection then role of researchers to grasp the theory(1. definitions, 2. theory subjective meaning of ppl’s descriptions of the phenomena · Iterative strategy/ grounded e. Rationales- the way to (trend, panel and cohort) 4. case theory- weaving back and forth explain correlations study designs between data and theory · Panel study-the same ppl, 4. Methods Ethical Concerns – informed household or other groups are consent, deception, harm to a. Data collection strategy- how studied on at least two different participants and invasion of privacy you go ahead and collect data occasions Scientific Research Method · Cohort study- ppl sharing 1. Problem Formation b. Population & sample- Canada same experiences (being trapped in elevator) are studied 2. Review of Past Studies vs 50 random ppl over time, but the same ppl may 3. Theory c. Variable measurement- not be studied each time Units ofAnalysis a. Concepts- general, d. Statistics · UoA= what you’re collecting abstract, often difficult to measure your data from, what of whom 5. Results & Discussion you’re studying- individuals, b. Variables- concrete and 6. Conclusion groups, organizations, countries, measurable, varies across units of social artefacts ( poem,) analysis Research Designs/ Time Dimension · Ecological fallacy- the error - 1. experimental and related (quasi of assuming that inferences c. Independent & dependent experiment) 2. cross sectional about individuals can be made variables- survey on male locker room, designs/ one time snapshot – from collective ( Johnny must be gender not a variable collects data on a series of variables for different cases at one violent bc he went to school that d. Hypotheses- statements had high suspension rates) you make, how variables interact single point in time( survey · Reductionism- trying to boil research) 3.longitudinal survey down complex social patterns into narrow concepts data actually work?) Was the symbols, usually entails deductive unites and effects research externally valid? approach, generally embodies the Experiments · Cook and Campbell view of society as an external, · True experiments are hard identified 5 threats to external objective reality to find in soc (many things validity (1. interaction of The main goals of quantitative researchers are interested in selection and treatment- to what researchers- 1. measurement (to cannot be explored through groups can findings be understand the social order one experiments, ethical concerns generalized 2. Interaction of
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